21st Cen­tury Re­source So­lu­tion

Southern Innovator - - CONTENTS -

01 Ev­ery step pro­duces waste in the old cy­cle of pro­duc­tion.

02 When the prod­uct is fin­ished, it is also waste, of­ten toxic and harm­ful to the en­vi­ron­ment.

03 Even­tu­ally a plas­tic pen made from oil-based plas­tic will end up in a land­fill where it will be­come toxic waste.

04 The re­duce - re­use - re­cy­cle (3Rs) pro­duc­tion cy­cle is an im­prove­ment on the old cy­cle of pro­duc­tion – use and throw away – but it still pro­duces waste, much of which can be toxic.

05 The DBA 98 Pen (dba-co.com/pen) was de­vel­oped as the first cra­dle-to-cra­dle pen by a com­pany in the United States and is 98 per cent biodegrad­able. The man­u­fac­tur­ing plant where the pen is made is pow­ered by wind energy. Rather than oil-based ma­te­ri­als, the pen is made from bio-plas­tic from sus­tain­able crop re­sources and has non-toxic ink. It can de­com­pose in a com­post fa­cil­ity within 180 days with­out leav­ing be­hind a toxic trace. The pen’s nib is the only part that is dis­posed of as waste.

06 Built us­ing the prin­ci­ples of the cra­dle-to-cra­dle pro­duc­tion life cy­cle, the DBA 98 Pen pro­duces just 2 per cent waste when it is dis­carded at the end of its life cy­cle.

07 When the DBA 98 Pen has fin­ished its life cy­cle, rather than just be­ing dis­carded as waste, it is dis­man­tled and be­comes ei­ther food for the earth or “food” for another prod­uct and the life cy­cle starts again. 08 Cra­dle-to-cra­dle cer­ti­fi­ca­tion es­tab­lishes a process where pro­duc­ers can grad­u­ally evolve their prod­ucts to use the cradleto-cra­dle process and be­come bet­ter de­signed and free of harm­ful waste. It is an eco-la­bel ad­min­is­tered by the Cra­dle to Cra­dle Prod­ucts In­no­va­tion In­sti­tute (c2 ccer­ti­fied.org), which as­sesses a prod­uct’s safety to hu­mans and the en­vi­ron­ment and its de­sign for fu­ture life cy­cles.

09 The ma­jor­ity of the pen – 98 per cent – can biode­grade in 180 days and does not leave any toxic waste be­hind when it does get thrown away.

10 The Dip­shikha Elec­tri­cal Skill Im­prove­ment (DESI) School in Bangladesh was built us­ing cra­dle-to-cra­dle prin­ci­ples. De­signed for ru­ral ar­eas of the coun­try by ar­chi­tect Anna Heringer (anna-heringer.com), the idea was to show that it wasn’t nec­es­sary to im­port ex­pen­sive build­ing ma­te­ri­als to make a solid struc­ture. Made from earth and bam­boo, the school is pow­ered by so­lar energy, and heat­ing and cool­ing are done pas­sively, re­ly­ing on nat­u­ral air cir­cu­la­tion through the build­ing. Nat­u­ral light is used as much as pos­si­ble and the build­ing has all the mod­ern fa­cil­i­ties ex­pected in a school, in­clud­ing toi­lets and showers.

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