On July 18, A.D. 64,
the painter Caravaggio (born Michelangelo Merisi) died in what is now Italy’s Tuscany region; he was in his late 30s.
American naval hero John Paul Jones died in Paris; he was 45.
British novelist William Makepeace Thackeray (“Vanity Fair”) was born in Calcutta.
novelist Jane Austen died in Winchester, England; she was 41.
Britain introduced the concept of voting by secret ballot. Mexican president and revolutionary Benito Juarez died in Mexico City; he was 66.
Also in 1872
actor Hume Cronyn was born in London, Ontario.
comedian Red Skelton was born Richard Bernard Skelton in Vincennes, Ind.
Nelson Mandela, the South African nationalist who ascended to his nation’s presidency after the end of apartheid, was born in Umtata, South Africa.
Ty Cobb hit safely for the 4,000th time in his career.
blues singer Screamin’ Jay Hawkins was born in Cleveland.
the United States and Canada signed a treaty to develop the St. Lawrence In 1936 the Spanish Civil War began.
journalist Hunter S. Thompson was born in Louisville, Ky.
the Democratic National Convention in Chicago nominated President Franklin Roosevelt for an unprecedented third term in office.
Hideki Tojo stepped down as Japanese premier and war minister because of setbacks suffered by his country in World War II.
President Harry Truman signed the Presidential Succession Act, which placed the speaker of the House and the Senate president pro tempore next in the line of succession after the vice president.
a car driven by Sen. Edward Kennedy, D-Mass., plunged off a bridge on Chappaquiddick Island near Martha’s Vineyard; passenger Mary Jo Kopechne died.
a gunman opened fire at a McDonald’s restaurant in San Ysidro, Calif., killing 21 people before being shot dead by police.
Walter Mondale won the Democratic presidential nomination in San Francisco.
Also in 1984
the world got its first look at the remains of the Titanic as videotapes of the British luxury liner, which sank in 1912, were released by researchers from Woods Hole Oceanographic
Texas Treasurer Ann Richards delivered the keynote address at the Democratic national convention in Atlanta, needling Republican nominee-apparent George H.W. Bush as having been “born with a silver foot in his mouth.”
actress Rebecca Schaeffer, 21, was shot to death at her Los Angeles home by obsessed fan Robert Bardo, who was later sentenced to life in prison.
Dr. Karl Menninger, the dominant figure in American psychiatry for six decades, died in Topeka, Kan., four days short of his 97th birthday. a car bomb destroyed a Jewish community center in Buenos Aires, killing 95 people. Tutsi rebels declared an end to Rwanda’s 14-week-old civil war.
residents along the northern coast of Papua New Guinea were left reeling the day after a 23-foot-high tidal wave hit, killing an estimated 3,000 people.
shrugging off a veto threat from President Bill Clinton, the Senate voted 61-38 in favor of eliminating the so-called marriage penalty by cutting taxes for virtually every married couple.
Sen. Paul Coverdell, R-Ga., died in Atlanta; he was 61.
2000 Also in Also in
Todd Hamilton gained a playoff victory over Ernie Els to win the British Open. former Environmental Protection Agency chief Anne Gorsuch Burford died in Aurora, Colo.; she was 62.
Also in 2004
Eric Rudolph was sentenced in Birmingham, Ala., to life in prison for an abortion clinic bombing that killed an off-duty police officer and maimed a nurse. retired Gen. William Westmoreland died in Charleston, S.C.; he was 91.
Also in 2005
it was announced that the John Hancock Observatory in Chicago was being sold to Montparnasse 56 Group, a Paris-based observation-deck operator.
Detroit cited $18 billion in debt and filed for bankruptcy, the largest city in U.S. history to do so.