To­day in his­tory

Sun Sentinel Palm Beach Edition - - NATION & WORLD -

In 1919 the Amer­i­can Le­gion held its first na­tional con­ven­tion, in Min­neapo­lis.

In 1938 Kate Smith first sang Irv­ing Ber­lin’s “God Bless Amer­ica” on her CBS ra­dio pro­gram.

In 1942 Win­ston Churchill de­liv­ered a speech in Lon­don in which he said, “I have not be­come the King’s First Min­is­ter to pre­side over the liq­ui­da­tion of the Bri­tish Empire.”

In 1954 the Iwo Jima Memo­rial, in­spired by the fa­mous As­so­ci­ated Press pho­to­graph of the rais­ing of the Amer­i­can flag on Mount Surib­achi dur­ing World War II, was ded­i­cated by Pres­i­dent Dwight Eisen­hower in Ar­ling­ton, Va.

In 1969 the chil­dren’s ed­u­ca­tional pro­gram “Sesame Street” made its de­but on PBS.

In 1989 work­ers be­gan punching a hole in the Ber­lin Wall, a day af­ter East Ger­many abol­ished its bor­der re­stric­tions.

In 1992 Pres­i­dent Ge­orge H.W. Bush dis­missed State Depart­ment of­fi­cial El­iz­a­beth Tam­posi for her role in a pre-elec­tion search for pass­port records of his ri­vals, Demo­crat Bill Clin­ton and Ross Perot.

In 1994 Iraq, hop­ing to win an end to trade sanc­tions, rec­og­nized Kuwait’s borders.

In 2001 Ap­ple’s break­through MP3 mu­sic player, the iPod, of­fi­cially went on sale. The 5GB de­vice re­tailed for $399

In 2003 fed­eral reg­u­la­tors al­lowed cus­tomers to switch home phone num­bers to their cell phones.

In 2004 word reached the United States of the death of Pales­tinian leader Yasser Arafat at age 75. (Be­cause of the time dif­fer­ence, it was the early hours of Nov. 11 in Paris, where Arafat died.)

In 2005 Ellen John­son-Sir­leaf, a for­mer fi­nance min­is­ter of Liberia, claimed vic­tory in the coun­try’s pres­i­den­tial elec­tion.

In 2007 the Univer­sity of Mi­ami ended its 70-year stay at the famed Or­ange Bowl with a lop­sided 48-0 loss to Vir­ginia. (The sta­dium was de­mol­ished in 2008 and is now the site of Mi­ami Park, home of MLB’s Mi­ami Mar­lins.)

In 2009 John Allen Muham­mad, who with then-teenage ac­com­plice Lee Boyd Malvo ter­ror­ized the Wash­ing­ton, D.C.-area in 2002 with a spree of 10 sniper mur­ders, was ex­e­cuted by lethal in­jec­tion in Vir­ginia. He was 48.

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