Cri­sis man­age­ment

Tampa Bay Times - - Nation & World - As­so­ci­ated Press Wash­ing­ton Post

With the United Na­tions Gen­eral Assem­bly con­ven­ing this week, there are ma­jor is­sues on the ta­ble to dis­cuss.

United Na­tions agen­cies say an es­ti­mated 409,000 Ro­hingya Mus­lims have fled to Bangladesh since Aug. 25, when deadly at­tacks by a Ro­hingya in­sur­gent group on po­lice posts prompted Myan­mar’s mil­i­tary to launch “clear­ance oper­a­tions” in Rakhine state. Those flee­ing have de­scribed in­dis­crim­i­nate at­tacks by se­cu­rity forces and Bud­dhist mobs.

The Myan­mar gov­ern­ment says hun­dreds have died, mostly Ro­hingya “ter­ror­ists,” and that 176 out of 471 Ro­hingya vil­lages have been aban­doned. Myan­mar has in­sisted that Ro­hingya in­sur­gents and flee­ing vil­lagers them­selves are de­stroy­ing their vil­lages. It has of­fered no proof to back th­ese charges.

The U.N. has de­scribed the vi­o­lence against the Ro­hingya in Myan­mar as eth­nic cleans­ing — a term that de­scribes an or­ga­nized ef­fort to rid an area of an eth­nic group by dis­place­ment, de­por­ta­tion or killing.

Eth­nic Ro­hingya have faced per­se­cu­tion and dis­crim­i­na­tion in ma­jor­ity-Bud­dhist Myan­mar for decades and are de­nied cit­i­zen­ship, even though many fam­i­lies have lived there for gen­er­a­tions. The gov­ern­ment says there is no such eth­nic­ity as Ro­hingya and say they are Ben­galis who il­le­gally mi­grated to Myan­mar from Bangladesh.

Rights groups like Amnesty In­ter­na­tional and Hu­man Rights watch have said that they have ev­i­dence that Myan­mar troops were sys­tem­at­i­cally tar­get­ing and set­ting Ro­hingya vil­lages on fire over the last three weeks.

U.N. agen­cies fear con­tin­ued vi­o­lence in Myan­mar may even­tu­ally drive up to 1 mil­lion Ro­hingya into Bangladesh.

As hun­dreds of thou­sands of Ro­hingya have crossed into Bangladesh, re­lief camps are over­flow­ing and food, medicine and drink­ing wa­ter have been in short sup­ply.

Mo­hammed Shahriar Alam, Bangladesh’s ju­nior for­eign min­is­ter, said Satur­day that In­dia, Turkey, Morocco, In­done­sia, Iran and Malaysia have al­ready sent re­lief and the goods are wait­ing in an air­port in nearby Chit­tagong. He said more aid was also ex­pected to come via ships soon.

Fac­ing grow­ing con­dem­na­tion glob­ally, Myan­mar leader Aung San Suu Kyi will not at­tend U.N. Gen­eral Assem­bly meet­ings this week.

SEOUL — North Korea is seek­ing mil­i­tary “equi­lib­rium” with the United States as a way to stop Amer­i­can lead­ers from talk­ing about mil­i­tary op­tions for deal­ing with Py­ongyang, Kim Jong Un said after su­per­vis­ing the launch of an­other mis­sile over Ja­pan.

And North Korea would con­tinue to run “full speed and straight” to­ward achiev­ing this goal, Kim told his top mis­sile unit, ac­cord­ing to the lat­est state­ment from his state news agency.

For the se­cond time in three weeks, North Korea on Fri­day sent an in­ter­me­di­ate-range mis­sile over the north­ern Ja­panese is­land of Hokkaido. It trav­eled for 2,300 miles in an east­erly di­rec­tion, land­ing in the Pa­cific Ocean. But if it had been launched south-east­ward, it could eas­ily have passed the U.S. ter­ri­tory of Guam, some 2,100 miles from the launch site in Py­ongyang.

Kim, the North Korean leader who has pressed ahead with alarm­ing speed on his state’s nu­clear and mis­sile pro­grams, has been threat­en­ing to “en­velop” Guam with mis­siles if the United States does not stop its “hos­tile pol­icy” to­ward the North.

In the lat­est state­ment, Kim said that North Korea’s “fi­nal goal is to es­tab­lish the equi­lib­rium of real force with the U.S. and make the U.S. rulers dare not talk about mil­i­tary op­tions.”

He stressed the need for the abil­ity to launch a “nu­clear coun­ter­at­tack the U.S. can­not cope with,” ac­cord­ing to the Korean Cen­tral News Agency. This state­ment echoed pre­vi­ous as­ser­tions that North Korea was not seek­ing to at­tack first, but rather aim­ing to de­velop the abil­ity to strike back.

North Korea con­firmed that the mis­sile launched Fri­day was, as an­a­lysts thought, an in­ter­me­di­ate range bal­lis­tic mis­sile that North Korea calls the Hwa­song12. It was launched from a mod­i­fied truck parked at Su­nan air­field, near or at the main in­ter­na­tional air­port in Py­ongyang.

The U.N. Se­cu­rity Coun­cil im­posed its tough­est sanc­tions to date against North Korea on Mon­day, set­ting lim­its on its oil im­ports and ban­ning its tex­tile ex­ports. But the new sanc­tions were a com­pro­mise. To win the sup­port of China and Rus­sia, the United States had to tone down its de­mands, which in­cluded a to­tal oil em­bargo and a global travel ban on Kim.

As­so­ci­ated Press

Abdul Ka­reem, a Ro­hingya Mus­lim, walks to­ward a refugee camp car­ry­ing his mother, Alima Kha­toon, Satur­day after cross­ing over from Myan­mar into Bangladesh.

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