TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

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In 1726,

the orig­i­nal edi­tion of “Gul­liver’s Trav­els,” a satir­i­cal novel by Jonathan Swift, was first pub­lished in Lon­don.

In 1886,

the Statue of Lib­erty, a gift from the peo­ple of France, was ded­i­cated in New York Har­bor by Pres­i­dent Grover Cleve­land.

In 1922,

fas­cism came to Italy as Ben­ito Mus­solini took con­trol of the gov­ern­ment.

In 1940,

Italy in­vaded Greece dur­ing World War II.

In 1958,

the Ro­man Catholic pa­tri­arch of Venice, An­gelo Giuseppe Ron­calli, was elected Pope; he took the name John XXIII. The Sa­muel Beck­ett play “Krapp’s Last Tape” pre­miered in Lon­don.

In 1962,

Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev in­formed the United States that he had or­dered the dis­man­tling of mis­sile bases in Cuba; in re­turn, the U.S. se­cretly agreed to re­move nu­clear mis­siles from U.S. in­stal­la­tions in Tur­key.

In 1965,

Pope Paul VI is­sued a Dec­la­ra­tion on the Re­la­tion of the Church with Non–Chris­tian Re­li­gions which, among other things, ab­solved Jews of col­lec­tive guilt for the cru­ci­fix­ion of Je­sus Christ.

In 1976,

for­mer Nixon aide John D. Ehrlich­man en­tered a fed­eral prison camp in Saf­ford, Ari­zona, to be­gin serv­ing his sen­tence for Water­gate–re­lated con­vic­tions (he was re­leased in April 1978).

In 1991,

what be­came known as “The Per­fect Storm” be­gan form­ing hun­dreds of miles east of Nova Sco­tia; lost at sea dur­ing the storm were the six crew mem­bers of the An­drea Gail, a sword­fish­ing boat from Glouces­ter, Mas­sachusetts.

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