TODAY IN HISTORY
the original edition of “Gulliver’s Travels,” a satirical novel by Jonathan Swift, was first published in London.
the Statue of Liberty, a gift from the people of France, was dedicated in New York Harbor by President Grover Cleveland.
fascism came to Italy as Benito Mussolini took control of the government.
Italy invaded Greece during World War II.
the Roman Catholic patriarch of Venice, Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli, was elected Pope; he took the name John XXIII. The Samuel Beckett play “Krapp’s Last Tape” premiered in London.
Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev informed the United States that he had ordered the dismantling of missile bases in Cuba; in return, the U.S. secretly agreed to remove nuclear missiles from U.S. installations in Turkey.
Pope Paul VI issued a Declaration on the Relation of the Church with Non–Christian Religions which, among other things, absolved Jews of collective guilt for the crucifixion of Jesus Christ.
former Nixon aide John D. Ehrlichman entered a federal prison camp in Safford, Arizona, to begin serving his sentence for Watergate–related convictions (he was released in April 1978).
what became known as “The Perfect Storm” began forming hundreds of miles east of Nova Scotia; lost at sea during the storm were the six crew members of the Andrea Gail, a swordfishing boat from Gloucester, Massachusetts.