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In 1879, hu­morist Will Rogers was born in Oolo­gah, Ok­la­homa.

In 1922, the en­trance to King Tu­tankhamen’s tomb was dis­cov­ered in Egypt.

In 1939, the United States mod­i­fied its neu­tral­ity stance in World War II, al­low­ing “cash and carry” purchases of arms by bel­liger­ents, a pol­icy fa­vor­ing Bri­tain and France.

In 1942, dur­ing World War II, Axis forces re­treated from El Alamein in North Africa in a ma­jor vic­tory for Bri­tish forces com­manded by Lt. Gen. Bernard Mont­gomery.

In 1979, the Iran hostage cri­sis be­gan as mil­i­tants stormed the United States Em­bassy in Tehran, seiz­ing its oc­cu­pants; for some of them, it was the start of 444 days of cap­tiv­ity.

In 1980, Repub­li­can Ron­ald Rea­gan won the White House as he de­feated Pres­i­dent Jimmy Carter by a strong mar­gin.

In 2007, King Tu­tankhamen’s face was un­veiled for the first time to the pub­lic more than 3,000 years af­ter the pharaoh was buried in his Egyp­tian tomb.

In 2008, Demo­crat Barack Obama was elected the first black pres­i­dent of the United States, de­feat­ing Repub­li­can John McCain. Cal­i­for­nia vot­ers ap­proved Propo­si­tion 8, a con­sti­tu­tional amend­ment out­law­ing same-sex mar­riage, over­turn­ing a state Supreme Court de­ci­sion that gave gay cou­ples the right to wed just months ear­lier. Author Michael Crich­ton died in Los An­ge­les at age 66.

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