TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

The Daily Herald - - SHORT TAKES -

To­day is Thurs­day, June 30, the 182nd day of 2016. There are 184 days left in the year. To­day’s high­light: On June 30, 1966, the Na­tional Or­ga­ni­za­tion for Women (NOW) was founded in Wash­ing­ton, D.C. On this date: In 1859, French ac­ro­bat Charles Blondin (walked back and forth on a tightrope above the gorge of Ni­a­gara Falls as thou­sands of spec­ta­tors watched.

In 1865, eight peo­ple, in­clud­ing Mary Sur­ratt and Dr. Sa­muel Mudd, were con­victed by a mil­i­tary com­mis­sion of con­spir­ing with John Wilkes Booth, the as­sas­sin of Pres­i­dent Abra­ham Lin­coln. (Four de­fen­dants, in­clud­ing Sur­ratt, were ex­e­cuted; Mudd was sen­tenced to life in prison, but was par­doned by Pres­i­dent An­drew John­son in 1869.)

In 1908, the Tun­guska Event took place in Rus­sia as an as­ter­oid ex­ploded above Siberia, leav­ing 800 square miles of scorched or blown-down trees.

In 1912, Canada’s dead­li­est tor­nado on record oc­curred as a cy­clone struck Regina, the pro­vin­cial cap­i­tal of Saskatchewan, killing 28 peo­ple.

In 1921, Pres­i­dent War­ren G. Hard­ing nom­i­nated for­mer Pres­i­dent Wil­liam Howard Taft to be chief jus­tice of the United States, suc­ceed­ing the late Ed­ward Dou­glass White.

In 1936, the Civil War novel “Gone with the Wind” by Mar­garet Mitchell was first pub­lished by The Macmillan Co. in New York.

In 1949, “The Mis­souri Waltz” be­came the of­fi­cial state song of Mis­souri.

In 1958, the U.S. Se­nate passed the Alaska state­hood bill by a vote of 64-20.

In 1963, Pope Paul VI was crowned the 262nd head of the Ro­man Catholic Church.

In 1971, the film fan­tasy “Willy Wonka & the Choco­late Fac­tory,” star­ring Gene Wilder, was re­leased by Paramount Pictures.

In 1985, 39 Amer­i­can hostages from a hi­jacked TWA jet­liner were freed in Beirut af­ter be­ing held 17 days.

In 1994, an Air­bus A330 pas­sen­ger plane crashed af­ter take­off from Toulouse, France, on a test flight, killing all seven oc­cu­pants.

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