Iran recruits Shi­ites to join fight in Syria

Lured from Pak­istan, Afghanistan, thou­sands side with As­sad forces

The Dallas Morning News - - World - Kathy Gannon, The Associated Press

IS­LAM­ABAD — Thou­sands of Shi­ite Mus­lims from Afghanistan and Pak­istan are be­ing re­cruited by Iran to fight with Pres­i­dent Bashar As­sad’s forces in Syria, lured by prom­ises of hous­ing, a monthly salary of up to $600 and the pos­si­bil­ity of em­ploy­ment in Iran when they re­turn, coun­tert­er­ror­ism of­fi­cials and an­a­lysts say.

These fight­ers, who have re­ceived pub­lic praise from Iran’s supreme leader, Ay­a­tol­lah Ali Khamenei, even have their own brigades, but coun­tert­er­ror­ism of­fi­cials in both coun­tries worry about the may­hem they might cause when they re­turn home to coun­tries al­ready wrestling with a ma­jor mil­i­tant prob­lem.

Amir Toumaj, Iran re­search an­a­lyst at the U.S.based Foun­da­tion for the De­fense of Democ­ra­cies, said that the num­ber of fight­ers is fluid but that as many as 6,000 Afghans are fight­ing for As­sad, while the num­ber of Pak­ista­nis, who fight un­der the ban­ner of the Zain­abay­oun Brigade, is in the hun­dreds.

In Afghanistan, steppedup at­tacks on mi­nor­ity Shi­ites claimed by the upstart Is­lamic State group af­fil­i­ate known as Is­lamic State in the Kho­rasan Prov­ince could be pay­back against Afghan Shi­ites in Syria fight­ing un­der the ban­ner of the Fa­ti­may­oun Brigade, Toumaj said. Kho­rasan is an an­cient name for an area that in­cluded parts of Iran, Afghanistan, Pak­istan and Cen­tral Asia.

“Peo­ple were ex­pect­ing blow­back,” said Toumaj. The Is­lamic State group “it­self has its own strat­egy to in­flame sec­tar­ian strife.”

Shi­ites in Afghanistan are fright­ened. Wor­ship­pers at a re­cent Fri­day prayer ser­vice said Shi­ite mosques in the Afghan cap­i­tal, in­clud­ing the largest, Ibrahim Khalil mosque, were barely a third full. Pre­vi­ously on Fri­days — the Is­lamic holy day — the faith­ful were so many that the over­flow of­ten spilled out on the street out­side the mosque.

Mo­hammed Naim, a Shi­ite restau­rant owner in Kabul, is­sued a plea to Iran: “Please don’t send the poor Afghan Shia refugees to fight in Syria be­cause then Daesh at­tacks di­rectly on Shias,” he said. Daesh is an Ara­bic acro­nym for the Is­lamic State group.

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