Recalling the Good Doctor’s science and health topics in the news for 2012
Find out how much you remember of science and health in 2012 by taking our 30th annual quiz.
1) A football player is safe from head injury by wearing a football helmet. True or false?
2) When the wind from a hurricane stops blowing and the sky clears of clouds, it’s still not safe to go outside until the hurricane has passed. True or false?
3) 1A6A VHnW D UHFHnW URYHU WR 0DUV to look for life. True or false?
4) If you feel depressed, it doesn’t matter if you went to college. True or false?
5) A relatively close Earth-like planet was recently found beyond our solar system but it won’t have life. True or false?
6) It’s impossible to learn while you’re asleep. True or false?
7) 7KH fiUVW FORnH RI Dn DnLPDO WRRk place in 2012. True or false?
8) Asperger’s disorder, and many other conditions, will have their name changed by the American Medical Association. True or false?
9) Massive areas of ice melt at the 6RuWK 3ROH DnG WKH 1RUWK 3ROH. 7UuH or false?
10) Although inheritance is important for long life, you can help extend your future by exercising, eating healthy, not smoking and avoiding obesity. True or false?
1) False. One-third of professional football players suffer concussions that might lead to early symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease, suicidal tendenFLHV RU HPRWLRnDO LnVWDELOLWy. 1HDUOy 4 million sports-related concussions occur each year.
2) True. This year, we suffered through Hurricane Sandy which came up the Atlantic and turned left. It came ashore between Atlantic City and Cape May. The eye of the hurricane was not a typical eye. The turmoil of a hurricane occurs as the wind and rain revolve around the eye. The eye is the center where winds are calm and there’s a light breeze. The diameter of the eye is approximately 20 to 40 miles as air from above sinks down into the center and the sun may come out. The eye gives a false sense that the storm has passed. The strongest winds are in the eye wall which surrounds the eye.
3) False. Curiosity was sent to Mars to examine rocks for liquid water and carbon based material. Curiosity has 11 VFLHnWLfiF LnVWUuPHnWV DnG 12 FDPeras. The cameras send laser pulses at rock targets to determine their composition. A question to be addressed is where did all the clays go from Mars’ Gale Crater. Water, over the years leaves clays in the craters.
4) False. One of 10 adults report de- pression and women are twice as likely to develop depression compared to men. Studies have shown that people who have less than a high school diploma are depressed; those with a high school diploma are less depressed and people who had some college attendance were the least depressed.
5) True. Although it is relatively close to Earth, it is too close to its sun, and temperatures would be too high for life to evolve.
6) True. According to research by Anat Arzi and Ilana Hairston of the Weizmann Institute of Science in IsraHO, SuEOLVKHG Ln 1DWuUH1HuURVFLHnFH, sleeping subjects reacted to sounds associated with pleasant odors and SunJHnW RGRUV GuULnJ VOHHS DV D UHflHx in breathing the next day when awake. The next day, a sound associated with a pleasant odor resulted in a deep breath when awake. A particular sound made while the subject was asleep that was SODyHG wKHn Dn RGRU RI URWWHn fiVK wDV occurring, caused a minimal breath the next day. The subjects were unaware of what when on during sleep.
T) False. In 1996, Dolly, a sheep, EHFDPH WKH fiUVW PDPPDO WR EH cloned from an adult cell. A cloned DnLPDO KDV RnOy RnH VHW RI D1A from one parent. All other offspring are a result of inheritance from a mother and father.
8) False. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manuel of Mental Disorders (DSM) will be published in May 2013. This publication is based on the American Psychiatric Association. The name will be changed from Asperger’s disorder to Autism Spectrum Disorder.
9) True. Ozone depletion in the Arctic has caused concern that the 1RUWKHUn HHPLVSKHUH PLJKW UHFHLYH harmful levels of ultraviolet radiation. Also, the Arctic sea ice covered less of the Arctic Ocean than in any other year in at least 30 years of data.
Dr. Milton Friedman can be reached at email@example.com.