Black nu­aker proved to be ex­tra­or­di­nary

The Globe - - LETTERS -

lne of the most ex­tra­or­di­nary women of NVth- cen­tury mhiladel­phia was parah japps aou­glass ENUMS- NUUOFI a black nu­aker whose ma­ter­nal Bustill an­ces­tors dur­ing the NTMMs likely helped to es­tab­lish a small African- Amer­i­can com­mu­ni­tyI duineatown and the as­so­ci­ated jon­tier Ceme­tery that was in what is to­day Chel­tenhamK

A neigh­bor­hood of free blacksI which in­cluded the Bustills and jon­tiers that ex­panded dur­ing the late NTMMs along iimekiln mikeI duineatown was lo­cated a few blocks be­low mod­ern Ar­ca­dia rniver­sity in dlen­side in­cor­po­rat­ing the homestead Cre­mona jor­reyK

phe was a former slave who had in­ter­ra­cial chil­dren with Richard jor­reyI the son of mhiladel­phia’s first mayor eumphey jor­rey ENSVNF and an orig­i­nal buro­pean set­tler of Chel­tenhamK RichardI his fa­ther ’s heirI passed to Cre­mona OMM acres upon his deathI per­haps an in­di­ca­tion that Richard truly loved herK

And it is in Chel­tenham where parah japps aou­glass — about NTM years fol­low­ing eumphrey jor­rey’s may­oral ten­ure — would as­so­ciate with the whiten­u­aker iconI iu­cre­tia jottK phe lived in Chel­tenham dur­ing the Civil tar just steps away from Camp tilliam mennI the largest ko­rth­ern- based fa­cil­ity to train some of Amer­ica’s first black fed­eral sol­diersK qhe NP- acre cen­ter was lo­cated just north­west of what’s now the in­ter­sec­tion of Broad ptreet and Chel­tenham Av­enueK

fn factI parah hailed from a very pres­ti­gious and free­dom­fight­ing fam­ily Ethe BustillsF in the mhiladel­phia and Chel­tenham ar­easK eer cous­inI aavid Bustill BowserI who painted a por­trait of the white mar­tyr and anti- slav­ery ac­tivist gohn Brown and mres­i­dent Abra­ham iin­colnI de­signed many of the bat­tle flags as­so­ci­ated with the NN black reg­i­ments Econ­sist­ing of about NMIRMM sol­dier­sFK


And her ma­ter­nal grand­fa­therI Cyrus BustillI baked bread for de­orge tash­ing­ton’s Con­ti­nen­tal Army and co- founded in mhilly the first ma­jor civil rights’ or­ga­ni­za­tion in Amer­i­caI the cree African poci­ety with black the­olo­gians Richard Allen and Ab­sa­lom gonesK juch lat­erI from her ma­ter­nal lineI came leg­endary maul RobesonI the OMth- cen­tury schol­arI lawyerI ac­torI singer and civil- rights ac­tivistK

aestined as a free black to be­come a cel­e­brated abo­li­tion­ist and ed­u­ca­torI parah japps aou­glass was “the daugh­ter of Robert aou­glass prKI a pros­per­ous hair­dresser from the is­land of ptK hittsI and drace BustillI a millinerI” ac­cord­ing to writer gulie tinch for the land­mark OMM4 bookI “African Amer­i­can iivesI” edited by ear­vard pro­fes­sors eenry iouis dates grK and bve­lyn Brooks eiggin­both­amI

tinch even pointed out that parah was also quite “crit­i­cal” of var­i­ous early nu­ak­ers in Amer­ica for racial bias and keep­ing slavesI de­spite some nu­ak­ers be­ing early op­po­nents of slav­eryK “Although she adopted nu­aker dress and en­joyed the friend­ship of nu­aker an­ti­slav­ery ad­vo­cates like iu­cre­tia jottI she was highly crit­i­cal of the sectK”

jean­whileI aou­glass joined jott in “an in­ter­ra­cial group of fe­male abo­li­tion­ists” by “es­tab­lish­ing the mhiladel­phia ce­male Anti- plav­ery poci­etyI” serv­ing for “al­most four decadesI” notes tinchK

Af­ter be­ing ed­u­cated in a mhiladel­phia school that her mother drace aou­glass helped to start with the black phi­lan­thropist and wealthy sail- mak­erI games corten prKI parah taught briefly in kew vork City be­fore re­turn­ing to mhiladel­phia “to take over the schoolK”

phe also be­came a prolific writer against slav­ery with works pub­lished in such news­pa­pers as tilliam iloyd dar­ri­son’s iib­er­a­torI based in Bos­tonK

By NUROI af­ter clos­ing her lo­cal school due to fi­nan­cial pres­suresI aou­glass be­came su­per­vi­sor of “the dirls’ mrepara­tory aepart­ment of the nu­aker- spon­sored fn­sti­tute for Col­ored vouthI” that would evolve into what’s to­day the his­tor­i­cally black col­legeI Cheyney rniver­si­tyI in qhorn­buryI maK lther no­table educators and so­cial ac­tivists at the orig­i­nal pouth mhilly in­sti­tute in­cluded lctavius sK Catto and mrin­ci­pal canny Cop­pinK

eow­ev­erI aou­glass’ re­la­tion­ship with two white sis­ters — parah and An­gelina drimke — whom had fled their fa­ther ’s slave- hold­ing plan­ta­tion in pouth Caroli­naI was eye­brow- rais­ingI ac­cord­ing to Ray­ford tK io­gan in his renowned NVUO book with jichael RK tin­stonI “aic­tionary of Amer­i­can kegro Biog­ra­phyK”

qhe bold drimke sis­ters “were cen­sured in NUPT for sit­ting be­side jrsK aou­glass and her daugh­ter in the Arch ptreet xnu­ak­erz jeet­ingI” one of sev­eral in­ci­dents that led to the burn­ing by non- nu­aker racists of mhiladel­phia’s menn­syl­va­nia eallI a haven for an­ti­slav­ery ac­tivistsK

Although parah mar­ried mhiladel­phia’s Rev­erend tilliam aou­glass in NUR4 and helped to raise his nine chil­drenI the “mar­riage proved an un­happy oneI” ac­cord­ing to tinchK lne ac­count sug­gests that RevK aou­glassI who died in NUSN as the Civil tar erupt­edI was very strict and over­bear­ingK

vetI aou­glass found the strength to con­tinue to help black wom­enI even giv­ing lec­tures about their health is­suesI of­ten la­beled taboo dur­ing the NUMMsK And she also “stressed the need for African Amer­i­can women to ed­u­cate them­selvesK”

parah japps aou­glass died in mhiladel­phia on peptK UI NUUOI re­mem­bered for “a ca­reer in the class­room that lasted more than a half- cen­tu­ryI” wrote tinchI while re­main­ing an un­re­lent­ing critic of racial in­jus­ticeI even if it meant vig­or­ously chastis­ing her fel­low nu­ak­ersK

Don “Og­be­wii” Scott, a Mel­rose Park res­i­dent, can be reached at

Chel­tenham res­i­dents need school tax break

qo the ed­i­tor;

lnce again school dis­tricts are ini­ti­at­ing their ef­forts to de­velop a bud­get plan for the school year OMNP-N4K AndI once againI we will be told that the pre­lim­i­nary bud­get re­quires a cer­tain amount only to be told two months later that they saved the tax­pay­ers a great deal of money by re­duc­ing the pro­posed bud­get amountK

that hog­washK Re­duc­ing pre­lim­i­nary bud­gets do not save a dimeK

Chel­tenham tax­pay­ers want and de­serve dras­tic re­duc­tionsK

te con­tinue to have the high­est school tax rates in the state of menn­syl­va­niaI ex­cept for a few small dis­trictsK cur­ther­moreI our school per­for­mance has plum­meted to PV of the top NMM high schools in the aelaware sal­ley areaK

Chel­tenham was not ranked at all in the NM best per­form­ing schools in jont­gomery Coun­tyK vetI there were three other schools in our area that were in­cluded the in the top NMK

Chel­tenham spends more on ad­min­is­tra­tive man­age­ment and op­er­at­ing ex­penses than on stu­dent in­struc­tion spend­ingK

eouse­hold in­come in Chel­tenham is de­creas­ing by NM per­centI while the three high­est paid em­ploy­ees in the district re­ceived pay in­creas­esK

f pro­pose that th­ese in­creases be sus­pend­edK Ad­min­is­tra­tive staff should be re­duced in halfK ptu­dentL teacher ra­tio should be in­creasedK

iow stu­dent teacher ra­tios do not im­prove stu­dent per­for­mancesK ft only makes teach­ers lazyK jost parochial schools have much higher ra­tios and their stu­dent per­for­mance is higher that the pub­lic schools in our areaK

te should close down two build­ingsK eave you ever driven past the school ad­min­is­tra­tion build­ing on tash­ing­ton iane at nightI only to see lights on all over the place?

3Dy VFDOHV DQG EHQH­fiWV must be re­ducedK pab­bat­i­cal leave should be elim­i­nated from all teacher con­tractsK qhe school year is only nine months per yearK

mublic ed­u­ca­tion costs are a dis­as­ter and OM in­dus­trial na­tions of the world are much bet­ter at less than half the costK

Glen­side pa­rade fundraiser set

goseph qK pi­mone


Aim­ing to raise more than ARRIMMM needed to pay for the Abing­tonLChel­tenham area’s an­nu­alI fam­ily-friend­lyI morning­into-night fn­de­pen­dence aay Cel­e­bra­tion of qhurs­dayI guly 4I the event’V QRW-IRU-SUR­fiW VSRQVRU, WKH GUHDWHU GOHQVLGH 3DWULotic As­so­ci­a­tionI has sched­uled a lo­cal fundraiser in AprilK

ddmA “heep the ma­rade Run­ning” Rh run and N-mile walkI is planned for April NPK tith an U aKmK start and pre-reg­is­tra­tion from T to TW4R aKmKI the runLwalk will start and end at sct most STSI genk­in­town and bdge eill roadsI dlen­sideK Both run and walk routes will wind through dlen­side streetsI south of genk­in­town RoadK

mre-run reg­is­tra­tions are AOR per en­trantI and APM on April NPI and are now be­ing ac­cepted on­line at the ddmA web­siteI or by mail to the pa­tri­otic as­so­ci­a­tionI at­ten­tionW heep the ma­rade Run­ningI ml Box TOI dlen­sideI mA NVMPU-MMTOK

qax de­ductible de­duc­tions to the ddmA are ac­cepted year­round and may be di­rected to the ddmAI pusque­hanna BankI ml Box VMMVI genk­in­townI mA NVM4SK

Don­ald Scott

A Place in His­tory

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