The New York Review of Books - - The Classifieds -

To the Ed­i­tors: Tim Page in his re­view of Har­vey Sachs’s biog­ra­phy of Toscanini [NYR, Novem­ber 9] speaks of the pref­er­ence of some of us for a par­tic­u­lar style of in­ter­pre­ta­tion of clas­si­cal Ger­man com­posers, im­bued with what the Ger­mans call In­nigkeit, or “in­ward­ness,” as he trans­lates the word. He surely means In­ner­lichkeit, the real Ger­man coun­ter­part to “in­ward­ness.” In­nigkeit has nu­ances of warmth and in­ti­macy.

The con­trast be­tween the Ger­man world and the Latin one has a long his­tory, ar­guably go­ing back to the pietism that pre­ceded Luther’s Re­for­ma­tion. In­ner­lichkeit is a cen­tral el­e­ment of this con­trast, and is be­hind, for in­stance, the con­trast un­der­lined by the early Thomas Mann be­tween Zivil­i­sa­tion (France) and Kul­tur (Ger­many). Hei­deg­ger would also em­pha­size the con­trast, iden­ti­fy­ing Ger­many with clas­si­cal Greece.

Toscanini’s great con­tem­po­rary Wil­helm Furtwän­gler ex­em­pli­fies the con­trast, not only in terms of in­ter­pre­ta­tive style.

Pádraig Mur­phy Dublin, Ire­land

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