TODAY IN HISTORY
Oct. 31, 1517
Martin Luther sent his 95 Theses denouncing what he saw as the abuses of the Catholic Church, especially the sale of indulgences, to the Archbishop of Mainz, Germany, marking the start of the Protestant Reformation. ALSO ON THIS DATE
English poet John Keats was born in London.
Nevada became the 36th state as President Abraham Lincoln signed a proclamation.
Magician Harry Houdini died in Detroit of peritonitis resulting from a ruptured appendix.
The Navy destroyer USS Reuben James was torpedoed by a German U-boat off Iceland with the loss of some 100 lives, even though the United States had not yet entered World War II. Work was completed on the Mount Rushmore National Memorial in South Dakota, begun in 1927.