TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

The Olympian - - Television - As­so­ci­ated Press

In 1620, 41 Pil­grims aboard the Mayflower, an­chored off Mas­sachusetts, signed a com­pact call­ing for a “body pol­i­tick.”

In 1831, for­mer slave Nat Turner, who’d led an in­sur­rec­tion, was ex­e­cuted in Jerusalem, Vir­ginia.

In 1909, Pres­i­dent Wil­liam Howard Taft ac­cepted the rec­om­men­da­tion of a joint Army-Navy board that Pearl Har­bor in the Hawai­ian Is­lands be made the prin­ci­pal U.S. naval sta­tion in the Pa­cific.

In 1918, fight­ing in World War I ended as the Al­lies and Ger­many signed an ar­mistice in the For­est of Com­piegne.

In 1942, dur­ing World War II, Ger­many com­pleted its oc­cu­pa­tion of France.

In 1960, South Viet­namese Pres­i­dent Ngo Dinh Diem sur­vived a coup at­tempt by army rebels. (How­ever, he was over­thrown and killed in 1963.)

In 1966, Gemini 12 blasted off on a four-day mis­sion with as­tro­nauts James A. Lovell and Ed­win “Buzz” Aldrin Jr. aboard; it was the tenth and fi­nal flight of NASA’s Gemini pro­gram.

In 1972, the U.S. Army turned over its base at Long Binh to the South Viet­namese, sym­bol­iz­ing the end of di­rect U.S. mil­i­tary in­volve­ment in the Viet­nam War. In 1987, fol­low­ing the fail­ure of two Supreme Court nom­i­na­tions, Pres­i­dent Ron­ald Rea­gan an­nounced his choice of Judge An­thony M. Kennedy, who went on to win con­fir­ma­tion.

In 1992, the Church of Eng­land voted to or­dain women as priests. In 1998, Pres­i­dent Clin­ton or­dered war­ships, planes and troops to the Per­sian Gulf as he laid out his case for a pos­si­ble at­tack on Iraq. Iraq, mean­while, showed no sign of back­ing down from its re­fusal to deal with U.N. weapons in­spec­tors.

Ten years ago: Pres­i­dent Ge­orge W. Bush marked his last Vet­er­ans Day as pres­i­dent at a New York pier, speak­ing to a crowd of thou­sands gath­ered for the reded­i­ca­tion of the USS In­trepid Sea, Air and Space Mu­seum. San Fran­cisco’s Tim Lince­cum won the Na­tional League Cy Young Award. Five years ago: Iran and the United States blamed each other for the fail­ure to reach agree­ment on a deal to limit Iran’s ura­nium en­rich­ment in ex­change for an eas­ing of Western sanc­tions. Bow­ing to pres­sure from Jewish groups and art ex­perts, the Ger­man gov­ern­ment made pub­lic de­tails of paint­ings in a re­cov­ered trove of 1,400 pieces of art that might have been stolen by Nazis and said it would put to­gether a task force to speed iden­ti­fi­ca­tion. Jose Fer­nan­dez of the Mi­ami Mar­lins and Wil My­ers of the Tampa Bay Rays were se­lected base­ball’s Rook­ies of the Year. One year ago: The an­nual Pa­cific Rim sum­mit stuck to its tra­di­tion of pro­mot­ing free trade and closer re­gional ties, shrug­ging off the “Amer­ica First” ap­proach that was brought to the sum­mit by Pres­i­dent Don­ald Trump. Af­ter talk­ing with Russian Pres­i­dent Vladimir Putin on the side­lines of the sum­mit, Trump told re­porters that Putin had again in­sisted that Moscow had not in­ter­fered in the 2016 U.S. elec­tions, and Trump said he be­lieved Putin was sin­cere in mak­ing that claim; he ac­cused Democrats of try­ing to sab­o­tage re­la­tions be­tween Washington, D.C., and Moscow.

Thought for to­day: “Old myths, old gods, old heroes have never died. They are only sleep­ing at the bot­tom of our mind, wait­ing for our call. We have need for them. They rep­re­sent the wis­dom of our race.” — Stan­ley Ku­nitz, U.S. poet lau­re­ate (1905-2006)

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