Lots of wa­ter-sav­ing op­tions avail­able in to­day’s toi­lets

The Palm Beach Post - Residences - - Front Page - Sen­si­ble

Ques­tion: We are re­mod­el­ing both bath­rooms and will need new toi­lets. One old toi­let leaks and the other does not flush well. What is the best type of new wa­ter-sav­ing toi­let that flushes ef­fec­tively?

An­swer: It is not dif­fi­cult to re­pair a leaky toi­let with a re­pair kit from any hard­ware store. Since you are re­mod­el­ing and want the best decor, you might as well in­stall a new wa­ter-sav­ing model. Flush­ing old stan­dard wa­ter-us­age toi­lets ac­counts for the great­est wa­ter us­age for a typ­i­cal fam­ily.

Your older toi­lets prob­a­bly use ei­ther 5.0 or 3.5 gpf ( gal­lons per flush). With ever in­creas­ing wa­ter rates, a fam­ily can save more than $120 per year by in­stalling new toi­lets. If you can find a low­cost two-piece (tank and bowl sep­a­rate) toi­let, the sav­ings can pay back its cost in one year. Be sure to mea­sure the set­back from the wall so it matches the ex­ist­ing plumb­ing.

It has not been possi- ble to buy a toi­let with a gpf above 1.6 for many years. This is a Fed­eral stan­dard. There are many toi­lets now that use 1.28 gpf and some ex­pen­sive ones use only 1.1 gpf. They uti­lize newer de­signs of in­ter­nal wa­ter flow pas­sages to cre­ate an ef­fec­tive flush­ing ac­tion. The wa­ter flow­ing into the bowl cleans it, but does not ac­tu­ally “flush” out the bowl. A suc­tion ac­tion in­side the in­ter­nal pas­sages sucks the wastes out and down the drain.

Most eco­nom­i­cal de­sign is a 1.6- or 1.28-gpf grav­ity-type toi­let. Th­ese pro­vide an ef­fec­tive flush and are quiet which is ideal for a mas­ter bath­room. Stylish one-piece de­signs are more ex­pen­sive, but they do not flush bet­ter than cheaper two-piece ones. An­other ad­van­tage of a two-piece de­sign is it’s eas­ier to carry and han­dle dur­ing in­stal­la­tion.

An­other wa­ter-sav­ing op­tion is a dual-flush toi­let. It uses about 1.0 gpf for liq­uids and 1.6 gpf for solids. Since most flushes

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