Your credit score and why it mat­ters

The Palm Beach Post - Residences - - Front Page -

Here’s what you need to know:

The big three credit bu­reaus pri­mar­ily fo­cus on what you owe and your re­pay­ment his­tory.

The most com­monly used credit score — also re­ferred to as a FICO score — has a range from 300 to 850.

Stan­dards can change — and in some cases, have i ncreased for mort­gage l en­ders — as t o what’s con­sid­ered a good credit score.

There’s c on­sen­sus among ex­perts that 720 is a good score. 740 or higher will typ­i­cally earn you the low­est in­ter­est rates and the best terms.

Yo u r s c o r e h e l p s busi­nesses pre­dict the odds that you’ll go 90 days past due (or de­fault) in the next two years on money that they lend you.

Your FICO score is based on fi­five fac­tors, weighted as fol­lows:

Your pay­ment his­tory: 35 per­cent of your score.

Amount of debt you owe: 30 per­cent of your score.

Length of your credit his­tory (gen­er­ally, longer is bet­ter): 15 per­cent of your score.

Amount of new credit you re­quest ( t oo many re­quests for credit, es­pe­cially in a rel­a­tively short pe­riod of time, is a neg­a­tive): 10 per­cent of your score.

Types of credit you use: 10 per­cent of your score.

Lenders for mort­gages, auto loans and credit cards use your score t o help un­der­stand your abil­ity to pay debt, based on your past pay­ment his­tory. Some newer credit mod­els fac­tor in your in­come and job his­tory.

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