Exercise caution: 5 tips for avoiding workout injuries 1 2 4 5
Staying active is key to good health. Don’t let common sprains and strains get in the way of your workout. “While names sound the same, these are two very different injuries. A sprain affects ligaments, while a strain affects tendons and/or muscles,” said Dr. Frank Benedetto, a doctor of physical therapy and founder of ProVere Health, with four locations in New Jersey. “Ligaments connect one bone to another bone. For example, the most famous ligament in popular media, the ACL (anterior cruciate ligament), connects the femur (thigh bone) to the tibia (the shin bone). Tendons connect a muscle to a bone. The well known Achilles tendon connects the calf muscle to the heel bone.”
Other expert tips for avoiding workout injuries:
While many sports tend to have a particular injury related to it — think “tennis elbow” — hamstring injuries are perhaps the most common across all sports, said Dr. Pablo Costa, an associate professor in the department of kinesiology at California State University, Fullerton.
When exercising start slowly, with a few repetitions or low mileage, and make sure any progression or increase follows the same principles, said Dr. Jerome T. Nichols, sports medicine physician at Roanoke-based Carilion Clinic and clinical preceptor at Virginia Tech School of Medicine.
“Trying to progress too quickly doesn’t allow enough time for your muscles, tendons, ligaments and bones to adapt to the new stresses. Also, moving too quickly through strength training exercises compromises form and risks injury,” Nichols said. or joint, however, may be a sign of something more serious developing.”
“Adequate consumption of water can help reduce tendon strains,” said Dr. Bruce Pinker, associate with the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. It is recommended adults drink eight to 10 glasses of water per day at 8 ounces per glass, Pinker said.
“The human body operates on a very simple formula: Stress plus rest equals growth,” Benedetto said. “In order to encourage adoption of this mindset, I like to redefine what I mean by ‘rest’ to the avid exercisers I work with.”