The Progress-Index - - OPINION -

To­day is Thurs­day, Sept. 14, the 257th day of 2017. There are 108 days left in the year.

To­day’s High­light in His­tory:

On Septem­ber 14, 1814, Fran­cis Scott Key was in­spired to write the poem “De­fence of Fort McHenry” (later “The Star-Span­gled Ban­ner”) af­ter wit­ness­ing the Amer­i­can flag fly­ing over the Mary­land fort fol­low­ing a night of Bri­tish naval bom­bard­ment dur­ing the War of 1812.

On this date:

In 1829, the Treaty of Adri­anople was signed, end­ing war be­tween Rus­sia and the Ot­toman Em­pire.

In 1861, the first naval en­gage­ment of the Civil War took place as the USS Colorado at­tacked and sank the Con­fed­er­ate pri­vate schooner Ju­dah off Pen­sacola, Florida.

In 1901, Pres­i­dent Wil­liam McKinley died in Buf­falo, New York, of gun­shot wounds in­flicted by an as­sas­sin; Vice Pres­i­dent Theodore Roo­sevelt suc­ceeded him.

In 1927, mod­ern dance pi­o­neer Isadora Dun­can died in Nice (nees), France, when her scarf be­came en­tan­gled in a wheel of the sports car she was rid­ing in.

In 1941, Ver­mont passed a res­o­lu­tion en­abling its ser­vice­men to re­ceive wartime bonuses by declar­ing the U.S. to be in a state of armed con­flict, giv­ing rise to head­lines that Ver­mont had “de­clared war on Ger­many.”

In 1954, the Soviet Union det­o­nated a 40-kilo­ton atomic test weapon.

In 1964, Pope Paul VI opened the third ses­sion of the Sec­ond Ec­u­meni­cal Coun­cil of the Vat­i­can, also known as “Vat­i­can II.” (The ses­sion closed two months later.)

In 1975, Pope Paul VI de­clared Mother Elizabeth Ann Bay­ley Se­ton the first U.S.-born saint.

In 1982, Princess Grace of Monaco, for­merly ac­tress Grace Kelly, died at age 52 of in­juries from a car crash the day be­fore.

In 1986, Pres­i­dent Ron­ald Rea­gan and his wife, Nancy, ap­peared to­gether on ra­dio and tele­vi­sion to ap­peal for a “na­tional cru­sade” against drug abuse.

In 1991, the govern­ment of South Africa, the African Na­tional Congress and the Inkatha (in-KAH’-tah) Free­dom Party signed a na­tional peace pact.

In 2007: De­fense Sec­re­tary Robert Gates raised the pos­si­bil­ity of cut­ting U.S. troop lev­els in Iraq to 100,000 by the end of 2008, well be­yond the cuts Pres­i­dent Ge­orge W. Bush had ap­proved.

In 2012: A French gos­sip mag­a­zine’s pub­li­ca­tion of top­less photos of Prince Wil­liam’s wife, Kate, prompted an im­me­di­ate (and still pend­ing) law­suit from the royal cou­ple and state­ments of out­rage from palace of­fi­cials.

In 2016: Tyre King, a 13-year-old boy, was fa­tally shot by Columbus, Ohio, po­lice af­ter author­i­ties said he pulled a BB gun from his pants.

To­day’s Birth­days:

Ac­tress Zoe Cald­well is 84. Fem­i­nist au­thor Kate Mil­lett is 83. Ac­tor Wal­ter Koenig (KAY’nihg) is 81. Bas­ket­ball Hall of Fame coach Larry Brown is 77. Singer-ac­tress Joey Heather­ton is 73. Ac­tor Sam Neill is 70. Singer Jon “Bowzer” Bau­man (Sha Na Na) is 70. Rock mu­si­cian Ed King is 68. Ac­tor Robert Wis­dom is 64. Rock mu­si­cian Steve Ber­lin (Los Lo­bos) is 62. Coun­try singer-song­writer Beth Nielsen Chap­man is 61. Ac­tress Mary Crosby is 58. Singer Morten Har­ket (a-ha) is 58. Coun­try singer John Berry is 58. Ac­tress Melissa Leo is 57. Ac­tress Faith Ford is 53. Ac­tor Jamie Kaler is 53. Ac­tress Michelle Stafford is 52. Rus­sian Prime Min­is­ter Dmitry Medvedev is 52. Rock mu­si­cian Mike Coo­ley (Drive-By Truck­ers) is 51. Ac­tor Dan Cortese is 50. Con­tem­po­rary Chris­tian singer Mark Hall is 48. Ac­tor-wri­ter­di­rec­tor-pro­ducer Tyler Perry is 48. Ac­tor Ben Garant is 47. Rock mu­si­cian Craig Mon­toya (Tri Po­lar) is 47. Ac­tress Kim­berly Wil­liamsPais­ley is 46. Ac­tor An­drew Lin­coln is 44. Rap­per Nas is 44. Ac­tor Austin Ba­sis is 41. Coun­try singer Danielle Peck is 39. Pop singer Ayo is 37. Ac­tor Se­bas­tian Sozzi is 35. Ac­tor Adam Lam­berg is 33. Singer Alex Clare is 32. Ac­tor Chad Duell (TV: “Gen­eral Hos­pi­tal”) is 30. Ac­tress Jes­sica Brown Find­lay is 30. Ac­torsinger Lo­gan Henderson is 28.

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