Boy Scouts to ex­pand girls’ par­tic­i­pa­tion

The Progress-Index - - OBITUARIES - By David Crary The As­so­ci­ated Press

NEW YORK — In its lat­est mo­men­tous pol­icy shift, the Boy Scouts of Amer­ica will ad­mit girls into the Cub Scouts start­ing next year and es­tab­lish a new pro­gram for older girls based on the Boy Scout cur­ricu­lum that en­ables them to as­pire to the cov­eted Ea­gle Scout rank.

Founded in 1910 and long con­sid­ered a bas­tion of tra­di­tion, the Boy Scouts have un­der­gone ma­jor changes in the past five years, agree­ing to ac­cept openly gay youth mem­bers and adult vol­un­teers, as well as trans­gen­der boys.

The ex­pan­sion of girls’ par­tic­i­pa­tion, an­nounced Wed­nes­day after unan­i­mous ap­proval by the or­ga­ni­za­tion’s board of di­rec­tors, is ar­guably the big­gest change yet, po­ten­tially open­ing the way for hun­dreds of thou­sands of girls to join.

Many scout­ing or­ga­ni­za­tions in other coun­tries al­ready al­low both gen­ders and use gen­der-free names such as Scouts Canada. But for now, the Boy Scout la­bel will re­main.

“There are no plans to change our name at this time,” spokes­woman Effie De­li­markos said in an email.

Un­der the new plan, Cub Scout dens — the small­est unit — will be sin­gle-gen­der, ei­ther all-boys or all-girls. The larger Cub Scout packs will have the op­tion to re­main sin­gle gen­der or wel­come both gen­ders. The pro­gram for older girls is ex­pected to start in 2019 and will en­able girls to earn the same Ea­gle Scout rank that has been at­tained by astro­nauts, ad­mi­rals, sen­a­tors and other lu­mi­nar­ies.

Boy Scout lead­ers said the change was needed to pro­vide more op­tions for par­ents.

“The val­ues of scout­ing — trust­wor­thy, loyal, help­ful, kind, brave and rev­er­ent, for ex­am­ple — are im­por­tant for both young men and women,” said Michael Sur­baugh, chief scout ex­ec­u­tive.

The an­nounce­ment fol­lows many months of out­reach by the BSA, which dis­trib­uted videos and held meet­ings to dis­cuss pos­si­bil­ity ex­pand­ing girls’ par­tic­i­pa­tion be­yond ex­ist­ing pro­grams, such as Ven­tur­ing, Ex­plor­ing and Sea Scouts.

Sur­veys con­ducted by the Boy Scouts showed strong sup­port for the change among par­ents not cur­rently connected to the scouts, in­clud­ing His­panic and Asian fam­i­lies that the BSA has been try­ing to at­tract. Among fam­i­lies al­ready in the scout­ing com­mu­nity, the big­gest worry, ac­cord­ing to Sur­baugh, was that the pos­i­tive as­pects of sin­gle­sex com­rade­ship might be jeop­ar­dized.

“We’ll make sure those en­vi­ron­ments are pro­tected,” he said. “What we’re pre­sent­ing is a fairly unique hy­brid model.”

Dur­ing the out­reach, some par­ents ex­pressed con­cern about pos­si­ble prob­lems re­lated to overnight camp­ing trips. Sur­baugh said there would con­tinue to be a ban on mixed-gen­der overnight out­ings for scouts ages 11 to 14. Cub Scout camp­ing trips, he noted, were usu­ally fam­ily af­fairs with less need for rigid po­lices.

The Girl Scouts of the USA have crit­i­cized the ini­tia­tive, say­ing it strains the cen­tury-old bond be­tween the two or­ga­ni­za­tions. Girl Scout of­fi­cials have sug­gested the BSA’s move was driven partly by a need to boost rev­enue, and they con­tended there is fis­cal stress in part be­cause of past set­tle­ments paid by the BSA in sex-abuse cases.

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