FIRST MEN

A film about Neil Arm­strong ti­tled “First Man” is in the­aters. To­day, we look at all the men who walked on the moon and NASA’s next lu­nar mis­sion.

The Record (Troy, NY) - - LIFE+TIMES - By KURT SNIBBE | South­ern Cal­i­for­nia News Group

WALK­ING ON THE MOON

APOLLO 11

JULY 16-24, 1969: The vet­eran of a near-dis­as­trous Gemini 8 mis­sion, Neil Arm­strong kept his cool de­spite re­peated com­puter pro­gram alarms and a guid­ance sys­tem that tried to land in a field of boul­ders. Apollo 11 com­mand mo­d­ule pi­lot Michael Collins stayed in or­bit around the moon and is one of 24 peo­ple to have flown to the moon.

APOLLO 12

NOV. 14-24, 1969: The liftoff was dur­ing stormy weather and sev­eral light­ning strikes knocked out power in the com­mand mo­d­ule. Pete Con­rad's pin­point land­ing meant he and Alan Bean could eas­ily walk 200 yards to the Sur­veyor 3 probe that had landed 21/2 years be­fore.

APOLLO 14

Jan. 31-Feb. 9, 1971: Af­ter the Apollo 13 mis­sion had to be aborted, but safely re­turned to Earth, the Apollo 14 mis­sion was de­layed four months. Alan Shep­ard was the old­est U.S. as­tro­naut (48) when he com­manded the mis­sion. The as­tro­nauts used a hand­cart to carry their tools.

APOLLO 15

July 26-Aug. 7, 1971: The first mis­sion to stay three days on the lu­nar sur­face and the first to use the lu­nar rover, an elec­tric-pow­ered, four-wheel-drive car. The as­tro­nauts also brought back the more rock sam­ples in­clud­ing the “Gen­e­sis Rock” be­lieved to be more than 4 bil­lion years old.

APOLLO 16

April 20, 1972: First to ex­plore the rugged Descartes High­lands area of the moon to ex­am­ine struc­tures sus­pected to be vol­canic in ori­gin. As­tro­nauts also de­ployed the first cos­mic ray de­tec­tor; took de­tailed ul­tra­vi­o­let pic­tures of Earth and space and re­leased a small satel­lite.

APOLLO 17

Dec. 7-19, 1972: Har­ri­son be­came the first pro­fes­sional sci­en­tist to fly in space and the only ge­ol­o­gist to walk on the moon. The mis­sion fea­tured the long­est moon land­ing, long­est to­tal ex­trave­hic­u­lar ac­tiv­i­ties (moon­walks), largest lu­nar sam­ple, and long­est time in lu­nar or­bit.

PHOTO BY APOLLO 11 CREW

This year marks the 60th an­niver­sary of the cre­ation of NASA. The agency formed on July 29, 1958, has trained hun­dreds of as­tro­nauts. The term “as­tro­naut” is de­rived from Greek and means “space sailor.” There have only been 12 in­di­vid­u­als to sail through space, leave their ship and walk on the moon. Here's a break­down of the moon walk­ers dur­ing the Apollo mis­sions from 1969 to 1972.

6. Edgar Mitchell 1930-2016 Carnegie Mel­lon Univer­sityU.S. Navy pi­lotHis ex­per­tise helped guide the Apollo 13 as­tro­nauts back to Earth.Founded a para­psy­cho­log­i­cal in­sti­tute af­ter leav­ing the Navy in 1972.

10. Charles M. Duke Jr. 1935U.S. Naval Academy, MITU.S. Air Force pi­lot Would have been on Apollo 13 but con­tracted measles. Re­tired from the Air Force in 1986 as a one-star gen­eral.

8. James B. Ir­win 1930-1991 U.S. Naval Academy, Univer­sity of Michi­gan U.S. Air Force pi­lot Re­tired in 1972 and founded the High Flight Foun­da­tion, a Chris­tian good­will or­ga­ni­za­tion.

12. Har­ri­son Sch­mit 1935Cal­tech, Har­vard Ge­ol­o­gist Trained as a U.S. Air Force pi­lot One term in U.S. Se­nate ('76-'82) for New Mex­ico Has been a critic of global warm­ing the­o­ries.

11. Eu­gene Cer­nan 1934-2017 Pur­due Univer­sity U.S. Navy pi­lot Cer­nan holds the lu­nar rover speed record of 11.2 mph. Af­ter NASA, he be­came a busi­ness man and ABC News con­trib­u­tor.

5. Alan B. Shep­ard Jr. 1923-1998 U.S. Naval AcademyU.S. Navy pi­lot Be­came the first Amer­i­can in space in 1961. Fifth to walk on the moon. Hit two golf balls on the moon us­ing a makeshift club.

9. John W. Young 1930-2018 Ge­or­gia In­sti­tute of Tech­nol­ogy U.S. Navy pi­lot Took a roast beef sand­wich on a Gemini se­ries flight. Af­ter the Apollo pro­gram, he pi­loted two Space Shut­tle mis­sions.

4. Alan L. Bean 1932Univer­sity of TexasU.S. Navy pi­lot Part of Apollo and Sky­lab mis­sions. Re­tired to be­come a painter.

7. David R. Scott 1932Univer­sity of Michi­gan, MIT U.S. Air Force pi­lot Be­came the first per­son to drive on the moon. Pi­loted Apollo 9 and was com­man­der of Apollo 15.

2. Ed­win “Buzz” Aldrin 1930West Point, MIT U.S. Air Force fighter pi­lot lu­nar mo­d­ule pi­lot Had Com­mu­nion af­ter he landed on the moon.

1. Neil Arm­strong 1930-2012 Pur­due Univer­sity, USCU.S. Navy fighter pi­lot Com­man­der on Gemini and Apollo mis­sions First man to walk on the moon.

1930-1999 Prince­ton U.S. Navy pi­lot Was part of Gemini, Apollo and Sky­lab mis­sions. 3. Charles “Pete” Con­rad

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