Richard Pipes, 94, ronald rea­gan aide

The Republican Herald - - OBITUARIES - by Wil­liaM GriMes THE NEW YORK TIMES

Richard Pipes, the au­thor of a mon­u­men­tal, sharply polem­i­cal se­ries of his­tor­i­cal works on Rus­sia, the Rus­sian Revo­lu­tion and the Bol­she­vik regime, and a top ad­viser to the Rea­gan ad­min­is­tra­tion on Soviet and East­ern Euro­pean pol­icy, died Thurs­day at a nurs­ing home near his home in Cam­bridge, Mas­sachusetts. He was 94.

His son Daniel con­firmed the death.

Pipes, who spent his en­tire aca­demic ca­reer at Har­vard, took his place in the front rank of Rus­sian his­to­ri­ans with the pub­li­ca­tion of “Rus­sia Un­der the Old Regime” in 1974. But he achieved much wider renown as a pub­lic in­tel­lec­tual deeply skep­ti­cal about the Amer­i­can pol­icy of de­tente with the Soviet Union.

In 1976, he led a group of mil­i­tary and foreign-pol­icy ex­perts, known as Team B, in an ul­ti­mately pes­simistic anal­y­sis of Soviet mil­i­tary strat­egy and foreign pol­icy. The group’s re­port, com­mis­sioned by the CIA as a coun­ter­weight to an anal­y­sis that had been gen­er­ated by the CIA’s own ex­perts — Team A — helped gal­va­nize con­ser­va­tive op­po­si­tion to arm­scon­trol talks and ac­com­mo­da­tion with the Soviet Union. And it set the stage for Ronald Rea­gan’s pol­icy of chal­leng­ing Soviet foreign pol­icy and seek­ing to un­der­mine its hold over East­ern Europe.

While writ­ing am­bi­tious his­to­ries of the Rus­sian Revo­lu­tion and the Bol­she­vik regime, Pipes con­tin­ued his campaign for a tougher foreign pol­icy to­ward the Soviet Union in the late 1970s as a mem­ber of the neo­con­ser­va­tive Com­mit­tee on the Present Dan­ger and as di­rec­tor of East­ern Euro­pean and Soviet af­fairs for Rea­gan’s Na­tional Se­cu­rity Coun­cil.

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