To­day in his­tory

The Saratogian (Saratoga, NY) - - COMMUNITY -

To­day is Thursday, Oct. 12, the 285th day of 2017. There are 80 days left in the year.

To­day’s High­light in His­tory

On Oct. 12, 1492 (ac­cord­ing to the Old Style calendar), Christo­pher Colum­bus’ ex­pe­di­tion ar­rived in the present-day Ba­hamas.

On this date

In 1792, the first recorded U.S. cel­e­bra­tion of Colum­bus Day was held to mark the tri­cen­ten­nial of Christo­pher Colum­bus’ land­ing.

In 1810, the Ger­man festival Ok­to­ber­fest was first held in Mu­nich to cel­e­brate the wed­ding of Bavar­ian Crown Prince Lud­wig and Princess Therese of Saxe-Hild­burghausen.

In 1915, English nurse Edith Cavell was ex­e­cuted by a Ger­man fir­ing squad for help­ing Al­lied sol­diers es­cape from oc­cu­pied Bel­gium dur­ing World War I. For­mer Pres­i­dent Theodore Roosevelt, speak­ing to the Knights of Colum­bus in New York, crit­i­cized na­tive­born Amer­i­cans who iden­ti­fied them­selves by dual na­tion­al­i­ties, say­ing that “a hy­phen­ated Amer­i­can is not an Amer­i­can at all.”

In 1933, bank rob­ber John Dillinger es­caped from a jail in Allen County, Ohio, with the help of his gang, who killed the sher­iff, Jess Sar­ber.

In 1942, dur­ing World War II, Amer­i­can naval forces de­feated the Ja­panese in the Bat­tle of Cape Esper­ance. At­tor­ney Gen­eral Francis Bid­dle an­nounced dur­ing a Colum­bus Day cel­e­bra­tion at Carnegie Hall in New York that Ital­ian na­tion­als in the United States would no longer be con­sid­ered en­emy aliens.

In 1957, the Dr. Seuss Yule­tide tale “How the Grinch Stole Christ­mas!” was first pub­lished by Ran­dom House.

In 1964, the Soviet Union launched a Voskhod space cap­sule with a three-man crew on the first mis­sion in­volv­ing more than one crew mem­ber (the flight lasted just over 24 hours).

In 1973, Pres­i­dent Richard Nixon nom­i­nated House mi­nor­ity leader Ger­ald R. Ford of Michi­gan to suc­ceed Spiro T. Agnew as vice pres­i­dent.

In 1984, Bri­tish Prime Min­is­ter Mar­garet Thatcher es­caped an at­tempt on her life when an Ir­ish Repub­li­can Army bomb ex­ploded at a ho­tel in Brighton, Eng­land, killing five peo­ple.

In 1997, singer John Den­ver was killed in the crash of his pri­vately built air­craft in Mon­terey Bay, Cal­i­for­nia; he was 53.

In 2000, 17 sailors were killed in a sui­cide bomb at­tack on the de­stroyer USS Cole in Ye­men.

In 2002, bombs blamed on al-Qaida-linked mil­i­tants de­stroyed a night­club on the In­done­sian is­land of Bali, killing 202 peo­ple, in­clud­ing 88 Aus­tralians and seven Amer­i­cans.

Ten years ago: For­mer Vice Pres­i­dent Al Gore and the U.N.’s In­ter­gov­ern­men­tal Panel on Cli­mate Change won the No­bel Peace Prize for sound­ing the alarm over global warm­ing.

Five years ago: Thou­sands of sup­port­ers and op­po­nents of Egyp­tian Pres­i­dent Mo­hammed Morsi clashed in Cairo’s Tahrir Square in the first such vi­o­lence since Morsi took of­fice more than three months ear­lier. The Euro­pean Union won the No­bel Peace Prize for fos­ter­ing peace on a con­ti­nent long rav­aged by war.

One year ago: Wells Fargo an­nounced that its em­bat­tled CEO, John Stumpf, was step­ping down as the na­tion’s sec­ond-largest bank found it­self roiled by a scan­dal over its sales prac­tices.

To­day’s Birthdays: Ac­tress An­to­nia Rey is 90. For­mer Sen. Jake Garn, R-Utah, is 85. Singer Sam Moore (for­merly of Sam and Dave) is 82. Broad­cast jour­nal­ist Chris Wal­lace is 70. Ac­tress-singer Su­san An­ton is 67. Rock singer-mu­si­cian Pat DiNizio is 62. Pop/rock singer/song­writer Jane Siberry is 62. Ac­tor Hiroyuki Sanada is 57. Ac­tor Car­los Bernard is 55. Jazz mu­si­cian Chris Botti (BOH’-tee) is 55.

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