To­day in his­tory

The Saratogian (Saratoga, NY) - - COMMUNITY -

To­day is Ash Wed­nes­day, Feb. 14, the 45th day of 2018. There are 320 days left in the year. This is Valen­tine’s Day.

To­day’s High­lights in His­tory:

On Feb. 14, 1918, Rus­sia con­verted from the Old Style Ju­lian cal­en­dar to the New Style Gre­go­rian cal­en­dar, “los­ing” 13 days in the process (for Rus­sians, the day be­fore was Jan. 31). The mu­si­cal “Sin­bad,” star­ring Al Jol­son and fea­tur­ing the song “Rock-a-Bye Your Baby with a Dixie Melody,” opened on Broad­way. On this date: In 1663, New France (Canada) be­came a royal prov­ince un­der King Louis XIV.

In 1778, the Amer­i­can ship Ranger car­ried the re­cently adopted Stars and Stripes to a for­eign port for the first time as it ar­rived in France.

In 1849, Pres­i­dent James K. Polk be­came the first U.S. chief ex­ec­u­tive to be pho­tographed while in of­fice as he posed for Matthew Brady in New York City.

In 1859, Ore­gon was ad­mit­ted to the Union as the 33rd state.

In 1903, the Depart­ment of Com­merce and La­bor was es­tab­lished. (It was di­vided into sep­a­rate de­part­ments of Com­merce and La­bor in 1913.)

In 1912, Ari­zona be­came the 48th state of the Union as Pres­i­dent Wil­liam Howard Taft signed a procla­ma­tion.

In 1929, the “St. Valen­tine’s Day Mas­sacre” took place in a Chicago garage as seven ri­vals of Al Capone’s gang were gunned down.

In 1949, Is­rael’s Knes­set con­vened for the first time.

In 1962, first lady Jac­que­line Kennedy con­ducted a tele­vised tour of the White House in a video­taped spe­cial that was broad­cast on CBS and NBC (and sev­eral nights later on ABC).

In 1979, Adolph Dubs, the U.S. am­bas­sador to Afghanistan, was kid­napped in Kabul by Mus­lim ex­trem­ists and killed in a shootout be­tween his ab­duc­tors and po­lice.

In 1988, Broad­way com­poser Fred­er­ick Loewe, who wrote the scores for “Bri­gadoon,” ‘’My Fair Lady” and “Camelot,” died in Palm Springs, Cal­i­for­nia, at age 86.

In 1990, 92 peo­ple were killed when an In­dian Air­lines pas­sen­ger jet crashed while land­ing at a south­ern In­dian air­port.

Ten years ago: A for­mer stu­dent dressed in black walked onto the stage of a lec­ture hall at North­ern Illi­nois Univer­sity and opened fire on a packed sci­ence class; the 27-yearold gun­man killed five stu­dents be­fore com­mit­ting sui­cide. Repub­li­can cam­paign dropout Mitt Rom­ney en­dorsed John McCain for the party’s pres­i­den­tial nom­i­na­tion.

Five years ago: Dou­ble-am­putee and Olympic sprinter Os­car Pis­to­rius shot and killed his girl­friend, Reeva Steenkamp, at his home in Pre­to­ria, South Africa; he was later con­victed of mur­der and is serv­ing a 13-year prison term. Bil­lion­aire War­ren Buf­fett agreed to buy H.J. Heinz Co. for $23.3 bil­lion. Amer­i­can Air­lines and US Air­ways an­nounced an $11 bil­lion merger that turned Amer­i­can into the world’s big­gest air­line.

One year ago: Author­i­ties lifted an evac­u­a­tion or­der for nearly 200,000 North­ern Cal­i­for­nia res­i­dents liv­ing be­low the Oroville Dam af­ter declar­ing that the risk of cat­a­strophic col­lapse of a dam­aged spill­way had been sig­nif­i­cantly re­duced. A for­mer store clerk was con­victed in New York of mur­der in one of the na­tion’s most haunt­ing miss­ing-child cases, nearly 38 years af­ter 6-year-old Etan Patz (AY’-tahn payts) dis­ap­peared while on the way to a school bus stop. The Se­nate con­firmed for­mer wrestling en­ter­tain­ment ex­ec­u­tive Linda McMa­hon to lead the Small Busi­ness Ad­min­is­tra­tion. Ru­mor the Ger­man shep­herd won best in show at the West­min­ster Ken­nel Club at New York’s Madi­son Square Gar­den.

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