To­day in his­tory

The Sentinel-Record - - HOT SPRINGS/ FYI -

On Nov. 13, 1977, the satir­i­cal comic strip “Li’l Ab­ner” by Al Capp ap­peared in news­pa­pers for the last time.

In 1789, Ben­jamin Franklin wrote in a let­ter to a friend, Jean-Bap­tiste Leroy: “In this world noth­ing can be said to be cer­tain, ex­cept death and taxes.”

In 1849, vot­ers in Cal­i­for­nia rat­i­fied the state’s orig­i­nal con­sti­tu­tion. In 1909, 259 men and boys were killed when fire erupted in­side a coal mine in Cherry, Illi­nois.

In 1927, the Hol­land Tun­nel opened to the pub­lic, pro­vid­ing ac­cess be­tween lower Man­hat­tan and New Jersey be­neath the Hud­son River.

In 1937, the NBC Sym­phony Orches­tra, formed ex­clu­sively for ra­dio broad­cast­ing, made its de­but.

In 1942, Pres­i­dent Franklin D. Roo­sevelt signed a mea­sure low­er­ing the min­i­mum draft age from 21 to 18.

In 1956, the U.S. Supreme Court up­held a lower court rul­ing that struck down laws call­ing for racial seg­re­ga­tion on pub­lic city and state buses.

In 1969, speak­ing in Des Moines, Iowa, Vice Pres­i­dent Spiro T. Agnew ac­cused net­work tele­vi­sion news de­part­ments of bias and dis­tor­tion, and urged view­ers to lodge com­plaints.

In 1974, Karen Silk­wood, a 28-year-old tech­ni­cian and union ac­tivist at the Kerr-McGee Ci­mar­ron plu­to­nium plant near Cres­cent, Ok­la­homa, died in a car crash while on her way to meet a re­porter.

In 1985, some 23,000 res­i­dents of Armero, Colom­bia, died when a vol­canic mud­slide buried the city.

In 1994, Swe­den voted in a non-bind­ing ref­er­en­dum to join the Euro­pean Union, which it did the fol­low­ing year.

In 2015, Is­lamic State mil­i­tants car­ried out a set of co­or­di­nated at­tacks in Paris on the na­tional sta­dium, restau­rants and streets, and a crowded con­cert hall, killing 130 peo­ple in the worst at­tack on French soil since World War II.

Ten years ago: Pak­istani op­po­si­tion leader Be­nazir Bhutto (BEN’-uh-zeer BOO’-toh) de­manded the res­ig­na­tion of U.S.-backed Pres­i­dent Gen. Pervez Mushar­raf (pur-VEHZ’ moo-SHAH’-ruhv), dash­ing Western hopes the two would form an al­liance to con­front strength­en­ing Is­lamic ex­trem­ists. French rail work­ers went on a nine-day strike over Pres­i­dent Ni­co­las Sarkozy’s (sahrkoh-ZEEZ’) bid to strip away la­bor pro­tec­tions. CC Sa­bathia won the AL Cy Young Award to be­come the first Cleve­land pitcher in 35 years to earn the honor.

Five years ago: Pres­i­dent Barack Obama put a hold on the nom­i­na­tion of Afghan war chief Gen. John Allen to be­come the next com­man­der of U.S. Euro­pean Com­mand as well as the NATO supreme al­lied com­man­der in Europe amid ques­tions over doc­u­ments and emails in­volv­ing Allen and Tampa so­cialite Jill Kel­ley (a Pen­tagon in­ves­ti­ga­tion cleared Allen of pro­fes­sional mis­con­duct). Christie’s auc­tioned off the Arch­duke Joseph Di­a­mond in Geneva for nearly $21.5 mil­lion, a world auc­tion record price per carat for a col­or­less di­a­mond. Davey John­son of the Wash­ing­ton Na­tion­als and Bob Melvin of the Oak­land Ath­let­ics were named man­agers of the year by the Base­ball Writ­ers’ As­so­ci­a­tion of Amer­ica.

One year ago: Pres­i­dent-elect Don­ald Trump named Repub­li­can Party chief Reince Priebus (ryns PREE’-bus) as White House chief of staff and con­ser­va­tive me­dia ex­ec­u­tive Stephen Bannon as his top pres­i­den­tial strate­gist. Leon Rus­sell, who per­formed, sang and pro­duced some of rock ‘n’ roll’s top records, died in Nash­ville at age 74.

“What is pol­i­tics but per­suad­ing the pub­lic to vote for this and sup­port that and en­dure th­ese for the prom­ise of those?” — Gil­bert Highet, Scot­tish-born Amer­i­can au­thor and ed­u­ca­tor (1906-1978).

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