TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

The Star Democrat - - OPINION -

In 1517, Martin Luther nailed his “Ninety- Five The­ses” on the door of the Cas­tle Church in Wit­ten­berg, Ger­many, in protest of the sell­ing of pa­pal in­dul­gences.

In 1926, ma­gi­cian Harry Hou­dini died of com­pli­ca­tions from a rup­tured ap­pen­dix.

In 1941, the Mount Rush­more Na­tional Memo­rial in Key­stone, S. D., was de­clared com­plete.

In 1957, Toy­ota Mo­tor Sales, U. S. A., Inc., es­tab­lished its first Amer­i­can head­quar­ters in Hol­ly­wood, Calif.

In 1984, In­dian Prime Min­is­ter Indira Gandhi was as­sas­si­nated by two body­guards. TO­DAY’S FACT: An out­spo­ken critic of cler­i­cal celibacy, Martin Luther mar­ried Kather­ine of Bora, a for­mer nun, in 1525. They had five chil­dren to­gether. TO­DAY’S SPORTS: In 1950, Earl Lloyd be­came the first African-Amer­i­can to play in an NBA game. TO­DAY’S QUOTE: “He ne’er

is crown’d / With im­mor­tal­ity, who fears to fol­low / Where airy voices lead.” — John Keats, “Endymion” TO­DAY’S NUM­BER: 7 bil­lion — es­ti­mated pop­u­la­tion of the world on Oct. 31, 2011, which was of­fi­cially des­ig­nated “The Day of Seven Bil­lion” by the United Na­tions Pop­u­la­tion Fund. TO­DAY’S BIRTH­DAYS:

John Keats ( 1795- 1821), poet; Juli­ette Gor­don Low ( 1860- 1927), Girl Scouts founder; Chi­ang Kaishek ( 1887- 1975), Tai­wanese leader; Dale Evans ( 1912- 2001), ac­tress/ singer- song­writer; Dan Rather ( 1931-), TV jour­nal­ist; Michael Lan­don ( 1936- 1991), ac­tor; John Candy ( 1950- 1994), ac­tor; Jane Pauley ( 1950-), TV jour­nal­ist; Peter Jack­son ( 1961), film­maker; Der­mot Mul­roney ( 1963-), ac­tor; Vanilla Ice ( 1967), rap­per; Piper Per­abo ( 1976-), ac­tress; Wil­low Smith ( 2000-), ac­tress/ singer.

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