Indians of Virginia
Powhatan Indians in 1607
More than 30 Algonquian-speaking tribes, approximately 15,000 people, occupied 6,000 acres of coastal Virginia.
Siouan-speaking Monacan and Mannahoacs lived west of the piedmont.
Iroquoian-speaking Nottoways and Meherrins lived near the North Carolina border. Virginia’s Indians in 2007 Eight state-recognized tribes: Pamunkey: 100 members on a 1,200-acre reservation Mattaponi: 75 on a 125-acre reservation Chickahominy, Eastern Division: 150 members Chickahominy Indian Tribe: 750 members Upper Mattaponi: 200 members Rappahannock: 200 members Nansemond: 300 members Monacan: 900 members Tribes or bands petitioning for state recognition: Nottoway Indian Tribe of Virginia Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) Indian Tribe of Southampton County Appalachian Intertribal Heritage Association United Cherokee Indian Tribe of Virginia Blue Ridge Cherokee Tauxenent Indian Nation of Virginia