COLD WAR ES­PI­ONAGE

1946-1991

The Washington Post Sunday - - BOOK WORLD -

1 Bri­tish Em­bassy diplo­mats and Soviet spies

Harold “Kim” Philby, the se­nior MI6 Bri­tish li­ai­son of­fi­cer to the FBI and the CIA, was se­cretly a Soviet spy and leader of Bri­tain’s Cam­bridge Spy Ring. An­other mem­ber of the ring, diplo­mat Guy Burgess, was a fre­quent guest in Philby's home. Both men worked at the Bri­tish Em­bassy.

3100 Mas­sachusetts Ave. NW (em­bassy), 4100 Ne­braska Ave. NW (Philby house)

2 Air Amer­ica

Air Amer­ica, a CIA pro­pri­etary com­pany, op­er­ated one of the world’s largest air­lines dur­ing the 1950s and 1960s, with 20,000 em­ploy­ees and 200 air­craft. Its pi­lots flew haz­ardous mis­sions, land­ing at re­mote jun­gle air­fields and drop­ping sup­plies un­der enemy fire.

918 16th St. NW

3 Pull­man House

The man­sion was ac­quired by Rus­sia in 1913 and served as the Rus­sian and Soviet Em­bassy un­til be­com­ing the Rus­sian am­bas­sador's res­i­dence in 1994. Soviet and Rus­sian es­pi­onage op­er­a­tions were planned and run from here.

1125 16th St. NW

4 Steuart Mo­tor Com­pany

One of the most un­likely clan­des­tine sites in Wash­ing­ton, the Steuart Mo­tor Com­pany build­ing also housed the CIA’s Na­tional Pho­to­graphic In­ter­pre­ta­tion Cen­ter. Not so sub­tly, per­haps, guards armed with ma­chine guns sur­rounded the build­ing when un­pro­cessed top-se­cret film from U-2 pho­tos of Cuban mis­sile site s was de­liv­ered.

Fifth and K streets NW

5 Ex­change Sa­loon

Dur­ing the 1970s, the Ex­change Sa­loon was a cap­i­tal hot spot for swingers. The hus­band-and-wife spy team of Karl and Hana Koecher of the Czech in­tel­li­gence ser­vice Statni Bezpec­nost spent time at the sa­loon look­ing for po­ten­tial agents.

1719 G St. NW

6 Hanssen sig­nal site

Robert Hanssen, an FBI agent turned Rus­sian spy, used the Fox­s­tone Park en­trance sign as a sig­nal site to com­mu­ni­cate with his Soviet han­dlers. When a hor­i­zon­tal piece of ad­he­sive white tape ap­peared on the sign, they knew that their spy had loaded the dead drop, code-named EL­LIS, at the first foot­bridge inside the park.

1910 Creek Cross­ing Rd. NE, Vi­enna, Va.

7 Aldrich Ames ar­rest site

Ames, a ca­reer CIA of­fi­cer, spied for nearly 10 years while liv­ing in an up­per-mid­dle-class house that had been pur­chased with money re­ceived from the KGB. When driv­ing to his CIA of­fice in 1994, he was boxed in af­ter stop­ping at an in­ter­sec­tion a few blocks from his home. Pulled from be­hind the wheel, he was thrown over the hood of his beloved ma­roon Jaguar, hand­cuffed and ar­rested.

North Que­bec Street and Nelly Custis Drive, Ar­ling­ton, Va.

8 Jonathan Pol­lard meet­ing site

In a scene wor­thy of a John le Carré novel, Jonathan Pol­lard, a for­mer U.S. in­tel­li­gence an­a­lyst and spy for Is­rael, con­ducted a clan­des­tine meet­ing with his Is­raeli han­dler on a bench in the gar­dens of the Dum­bar­ton Oaks Re­search Li­brary and Col­lec­tion. In the idyl­lic set­ting, the two ne­go­ti­ated the pay Pol­lard would re­ceive for clas­si­fied doc­u­ments.

1703 32nd St. NW

8 Jonathan Pol­lard meet­ing site.

Aldrich Ames be­ing ar­rested. 7

Sur­veil­lance im­age of Stanislav Gu­sev at the State Depart­ment PHOTO: FBI 4

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