POST-CIVIL WAR TO WORLD WAR II

1866-1945

The Washington Post Sunday - - BOOK WORLD -

1 Van De­man of­fices

Maj. Gen. Ralph Van De­man de­serves the ti­tle “fa­ther of modern mil­i­tary in­tel­li­gence”. As Amer­ica en­tered World War I, he built the coun­try’s first pro­fes­sional mil­i­tary in­tel­li­gence or­ga­ni­za­tion in the Old Ex­ec­u­tive Of­fice Build­ing.

639 17th St. NW

2 A. Mitchell Palmer res­i­dence

In an act of World War I era ter­ror­ism, an an­ar­chist blew him­self up while bomb­ing the home of At­tor­ney Gen­eral A. Mitchell Palmer in June 1919, caus­ing ex­ten­sive dam­age.

2132 R St. NW

3 Belle­vue Ho­tel

In 1941, Soviet in­tel­li­gence de­fec­tor Wal­ter Kriv­it­sky was found dead in his room at the Belle­vue Ho­tel, now known as the Ho­tel Ge­orge, from a sin­gle gun­shot to the head. Al­though ruled a sui­cide, sus­pi­cions still linger that Soviet in­tel­li­gence di­rected the killing.

15 E St. NW

4 East Build­ing, Of­fice of Strate­gic Ser­vices head­quar­ters

The East Build­ing on Medicine Hill was head­quar­ters to the OSS and later the first home of the Cen­tral In­tel­li­gence Agency. To­day the build­ing is listed on the Na­tional Reg­is­ter of His­toric Places for its clan­des­tine his­tory.

23rd and E streets NW

5 Vint Hill

Sev­eral orig­i­nal build­ings re­main at the for­mer Vint Hill top se­cret cryp­to­graphic sig­nals-in­ter­cept site, al­though in re­cent years the area has been re­de­vel­oped into a res­i­den­tial and busi­ness com­mu­nity.

4263 Aiken Drive, War­ren­ton, Va.

6 Vichy French Em­bassy

At the Vichy French Em­bassy, World War II spy Amy El­iz­a­beth Thorpe, wear­ing only a neck­lace and high heels to throw off a guard, aided a safe-crack­ing op­er­a­tion to steal diplo­matic codes.

2129 Wy­oming Ave. NW

7 Ar­ling­ton Hall

Ar­ling­ton Hall Ju­nior Col­lege for Women be­came the lo­ca­tion of Amer­ica’s World War II code-break­ing pro­grams. The ma­jor­ity of the 10,000 work­ers were young women with an ap­ti­tude for math.

4000 Ar­ling­ton Blvd., Ar­ling­ton, Va.

8 Mayflower Ho­tel

Over the decades, the pres­ti­gious and pop­u­lar Mayflower Ho­tel has of­fered quiet venues for clan­des­tine meet­ings in­volv­ing Nazi sabo­teurs, Soviet agents and Amer­i­can spies such as CIA agent Aldrich Ames, who for spied for Rus­sia, and gov­ern­ment sci­en­tist Ste­wart Nozette, who at­tempted to sell clas­si­fied in­for­ma­tion to the Mos­sad.

1127 Con­necti­cut Ave. NW

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