POST-CIVIL WAR TO WORLD WAR II
1 Van Deman offices
Maj. Gen. Ralph Van Deman deserves the title “father of modern military intelligence”. As America entered World War I, he built the country’s first professional military intelligence organization in the Old Executive Office Building.
639 17th St. NW
2 A. Mitchell Palmer residence
In an act of World War I era terrorism, an anarchist blew himself up while bombing the home of Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer in June 1919, causing extensive damage.
2132 R St. NW
3 Bellevue Hotel
In 1941, Soviet intelligence defector Walter Krivitsky was found dead in his room at the Bellevue Hotel, now known as the Hotel George, from a single gunshot to the head. Although ruled a suicide, suspicions still linger that Soviet intelligence directed the killing.
15 E St. NW
4 East Building, Office of Strategic Services headquarters
The East Building on Medicine Hill was headquarters to the OSS and later the first home of the Central Intelligence Agency. Today the building is listed on the National Register of Historic Places for its clandestine history.
23rd and E streets NW
5 Vint Hill
Several original buildings remain at the former Vint Hill top secret cryptographic signals-intercept site, although in recent years the area has been redeveloped into a residential and business community.
4263 Aiken Drive, Warrenton, Va.
6 Vichy French Embassy
At the Vichy French Embassy, World War II spy Amy Elizabeth Thorpe, wearing only a necklace and high heels to throw off a guard, aided a safe-cracking operation to steal diplomatic codes.
2129 Wyoming Ave. NW
7 Arlington Hall
Arlington Hall Junior College for Women became the location of America’s World War II code-breaking programs. The majority of the 10,000 workers were young women with an aptitude for math.
4000 Arlington Blvd., Arlington, Va.
8 Mayflower Hotel
Over the decades, the prestigious and popular Mayflower Hotel has offered quiet venues for clandestine meetings involving Nazi saboteurs, Soviet agents and American spies such as CIA agent Aldrich Ames, who for spied for Russia, and government scientist Stewart Nozette, who attempted to sell classified information to the Mossad.
1127 Connecticut Ave. NW