General Assembly have called for an increase in the state’s 23.5-cents-a-gallon excise gas tax, which funds road and transit infrastructure and has not been raised since 1992.
Mr. O’malley proposed his bill last month that would apply a 2 percent sales tax this year on wholesale gas purchases, then tack on an extra 2 percentage points in each of the next two years.
The proposal eventually could add more than 20 cents to the cost of a gallon of gas.
Supporters argue that a tax increase is necessary to boost lagging transportation revenue and pay for needed road and transit improvements in the state. Mr. O’malley said a 6 percent sales tax would raise $613 million a year and create 7,500 jobs related to construction and other projects.
“Nothing has been taken off the table,” said O’malley spokeswoman Takirra Winfield. “The governor feels like this is something that we need to do now so that our children won’t have to face the cost of our inaction.”
Critics contend that raising the tax will overburden taxpayers already frustrated by unpredictable gas prices. Polls have consistently shown that a majority of Marylanders oppose the tax.
Maryland gas prices rose by about 20 cents last month, according to AAA. An average gallon of regular gas now costs $3.70.
Delegate Andrew A. Serafini said many rural constituents have long commutes and little access to public transit, which would cause them to be disproportionately hurt by the tax.
Mr. Serafini, Washington Republican, said the state instead should try to ensure that its existing transportation funding is spent on transportation.
In recent years, lawmakers have borrowed hundreds of millions of dollars from the Transportation Trust Fund for nontransportation expenses.
Mr. O’malley’s bill would require repayment of borrowed funds. Mr. Serafini said the state needs to get into the habit of managing money more responsibly.
“The reality is there is enough money,” he said. “It’s like me asking my wife to put a lock on the refrigerator. I have to develop the inner discipline.”
While opponents hope to bury the gas tax and undecided lawmakers say it is on life support, Democratic leaders insists the proposal isn’t dead.
Senate President Thomas V. Mike Miller Jr. said the General Assembly is busy with the governor’s proposed $35.8 billion budget and won’t get to his other proposals — including the gas tax, flush tax and offshore wind energy — until after they have made progress on the spending plan.
Mr. Miller, Prince George’s Democrat, said the fate of the gas-tax proposal rests in how aggressively Mr. O’malley continues to pursue it.
“It’s still on the table,” he said. “Our primary function is to pass a balanced budget and then worry about the other measures. It’s an administration bill and it’s going to rise and fall on the will of the administration.”