Kazakhstan eyes European mining, energy pacts
Ex-soviet state vulnerable politically
for industrial processes already are “on tap,” Mr. Cutler said, adding that Kazakhstan now wants partners to help mine its uranium and rare earth.
In turn, “companies from developed capitalist economies have been lining up to try and negotiate deals,” he said.
On Feb. 8, Kazakhstan and Germany signed trade and economic development agreements worth a total of $4 billion, which Mr. Nazarbayev described as a “breakthrough” in a joint press statement with German Chancellor Angela Merkel.
Over the past year, Kazakhstan has renewed economic and trade ties with France, Italy, Britain, Austria and Switzerland. In September, Mr. Nazarbayev visited Paris to oversee the signing of agreements on mining, energy and aviation between France and Kazakhstan.