Cameron goes off the deep end and loves it
The last frontier on Earth is out-of-this-world, desolate, foreboding and moonlike, James Cameron said after diving to the deepest part of the ocean. And he loved it. “My feeling was one of complete isolation from all of humanity,” Mr. Cameron said Monday, shortly after returning from the strange cold dark place 7 miles below the western Pacific Ocean that only two other men have visited. “I felt like I literally, in the space of one day, had gone to another planet and come back. It’s been a very surreal day.”
Mr. Cameron, whose imagination of alien worlds yielded the blockbuster movie “Avatar,” said there was one thing he promised to himself: He wanted to drink in how unusual it is.
He didn’t do that when he first went to the watery grave of the Titanic, and Apollo astronauts have said they never had time to savor where they were.
“There had to be a moment where I just stopped, and took it in and said, ‘This is where I am; I’m at the bottom of the ocean, the deepest place on Earth. What does that mean?’ ” Mr. Cameron told reporters during a Monday conference call after spending three hours at the bottom of the Mariana Trench, nearly 7 miles down.
“I just sat there looking out the window, looking at this barren, desolate
lunar plain, appreciating,” Mr. Cameron said.
He also realized how alone he was, with that much water above him.
“It’s really the sense of isolation, more than anything, realizing how tiny you are down in this big vast black unknown and unexplored place,” Mr. Cameron said.
Mr. Cameron said he had hoped to see a strange deep-sea monsterlike creature that would excite the storyteller in him and seem as if it stepped out of his movies, but he didn’t.
He also didn’t see tracks of small primitive sea animals on the ocean floor as he did when he dove more than 5 miles deep weeks ago. All he saw were voracious shrimplike critters that weren’t bigger than an inch. In future missions, Mr. Cameron said, he plans to bring “bait” — like chicken — to set out.
Mr. Cameron said the mission was all about exploration, science and discovery. He is the only person to dive to the bottom of the trench solo, using a sub he helped design. He is the first person to reach that depth — 35,576 feet — since it initially was explored in 1960.
There had been a modern-day race to the bottom under way among rich and famous adventurers. Sir Richard Branson of Virgin industries fame has been building his own one-man sub to explore the depths of the ocean. Mr. Branson told the Associated Press on Monday that Mr. Cameron’s dive was “a fantastic achievement.”
Mr. Branson said he hoped to explore a different deep place first now, instead of the Mariana Trench. He planned later this year to dive to the deepest part of the Atlantic, the Puerto Rican trench, which is only 5 miles from his home. That area is just shy of 6 miles deep and has not been exploredt.
Mr. Branson said he hopes to take his one-man sub and join Mr. Cameron in a tandem dive of solo subs: “Together, we’ll make a formidable team.”
Mr. Cameron spent more than three hours at the bottom, longer than the 20 minutes Navy Lt. Don Walsh and Jacques Piccard spent in the only other visit, made 52 years ago. But his stay was shorter than the six hours he had hoped for, and he didn’t reach the trench walls, because he was running low on power. He said he would return, as would the sub’s Australian codesigner, Ron Allum.
“I see this as the beginning,” Mr. Cameron said. “It’s not a one-time deal and then moving on. This is the beginning of opening up this new frontier.”
He spent time filming the Mariana Trench, which is about 200 miles southwest of the Pacific island of Guam. The trip down to the deepest point took two hours and 36 minutes, starting Sunday afternoon U.S. East Coast time.
His return aboard his 12-ton, limegreen sub called Deepsea Challenger was a “faster- than- expected 70minute ascent,” according to National Geographic, which sponsored the expedition. Mr. Cameron is a National Geographic explorer-in-residence.
The only thing that went wrong with the dive was a problem with the hydraulics on the system to collect rocks and critters to bring them back to the surface. Just as he was about to collect his first sample, a leak in the hydraulic fluid sprayed into the water and he couldn’t bring anything back.
When Mr. Cameron climbed into his sub, it was warm because it was near the equator and his cramped vehicle — his head hit one end and his feet the other — was toasty because of the heat given off by electronics. It felt “like a sauna” with temperatures of more than 100 degrees Fahrenheit, he said.
As he plunged into the deep, the temperature outside the sub dropped to around 36 degrees, he said.
The pressure on the sub was immense — comparable to three sport utlilty vehicles resting on a toe. The superstrong sub shrank 3 inches under that pressure, Mr. Cameron said.
“It’s a very weird environment,” he said. “I can’t say it’s very comfortable. And you can’t stretch out.”
James Cameron emerges from the Deepsea Challenger submersible on Monday after making a successful solo dive to the Mariana Trench, the deepest part of the Pacific Ocean.