China

The Washington Times Weekly - - From Page One -

out­side ex­perts in 2000 to an­a­lyze the im­pact of U.S.-China re­la­tions on se­cu­rity and the econ­omy.

North Korea was a re­cip­i­ent of nu­clear goods sup­plied by the covert Pak­istani nu­clear sup­plier net­work headed by Pak­istani sci­en­tist A.Q. Khan, ac­cord­ing to the group’s fourth an­nual re­port. Sev­eral links be­tween Pak­istan and North Korea’s arms pro­grams have been iden­ti­fied, it stated.

The un­clas­si­fied ver­sion of the re­port does not in­clude de­tails of the Chi­nese sup­port but notes that China has “a his­tory” of help­ing North Korea de­velop its weapons.

Ac­cord­ing to U.S. intelligence of­fi­cials, North Korean front com- pa­nies op­er­ate freely in China and have used China as a tran­sit point for trade in mis­sile and nu­clear com­po­nents.

One North Korean nu­clear pro­cure­ment agent was iden­ti­fied by U.S. of­fi­cials in 2002 as Yun Ho-jin, who while work­ing in Shenyang, China, sought to buy metal rods with nu­clear ap­pli­ca­tions in Ger­many while pos­ing as an of­fi­cial of the Chi­nese air­craft man­u­fac­turer Shenyang Air­craft Corp.

Also, Chi­nese lan­guage doc­u­ments on how to de­sign a small nu­clear war­head for a mis­sile were dis­cov­ered by U.S. intelligence of­fi­cials in Libya af­ter Tripoli agreed to dis­man­tle its nu­clear pro­gram.

China’s gov­ern­ment has not ex­plained how the war­head doc­u­ments reached Libya. U.S. of­fi­cials think the war­head doc­u­ments likely were sold by the Khan net­work and were also sup­plied to Iran and North Korea.

On China’s fail­ure to pres­sure North Korea, the com­mis­sion re­port said that China has re­fused to ex­ert eco­nomic pres­sure and “in­stead has ac­tu­ally in­creased its as­sis­tance and trade with North Korea.”

Dis­clo­sure of the re­port comes as China last week re­fused to join the U.S.-led Pro­lif­er­a­tion Se­cu­rity Ini­tia­tive (PSI), which the Bush ad­min­is­tra­tion hopes to use in en­forc­ing U.N. Se­cu­rity Coun­cil res­o­lu­tions aimed at halt­ing North Korean trade in il­licit arms-re­lated goods.

The Chi­nese turned down an ap­peal from Sec­re­tary of State Con­doleezza Rice dur­ing her re­cent visit to Bei­jing to join PSI. The re­fusal raises ques­tions about whether China will co­op­er­ate in a United Na­tions em­bargo against weapons and tech­nol­ogy go­ing in and out of North Korea.

Ad­min­is­tra­tion of­fi­cials have praised China for sup­port­ing U.S. ef­forts to curb North Korea’s arms pro­grams. How­ever, the re­port makes clear that Chi­nese co­op­er­a­tion is lim­ited.

On China’s role in arms pro­lif­er­a­tion, the re­port stated that Chi­nese com­pa­nies and gov­ern­ment or­ga­ni­za­tions “con­tinue to pro­vide weapons, weapons com­po­nents and weapons tech­nol­ogy” in vi­o­la­tion of China’s com­mit­ments to in­ter­na­tional non­pro­lif­er­a­tion agree­ments.

The arms trans­fers “harm re­gional se­cu­rity in East Asia and the Mid­dle East,” the re­port said.

“Given strong U.S. in­ter­ests in both re­gions, China’s pro­lif­er­a­tion threat­ens U.S. se­cu­rity and po­ten­tially could place at risk U.S. troops op­er­at­ing in those re­gions,” the re­port said.

The re­port also raises ques­tions about whether China is will­ing to play a re­spon­si­ble role in work­ing for global peace and sta­bil­ity. Bei­jing’s sup­port for World Trade Or- ga­ni­za­tion com­mit­ments is “spotty and halt­ing,” it said.

“And China’s ap­par­ent will­ing­ness to value its own en­ergy needs above the needs of in­ter­na­tional se­cu­rity is in­dica­tive of a na­tion as yet un­pre­pared or un­will­ing to shoul­der the bur­dens of a stake­holder state,” it said.

The re­port rec­om­mends that Congress take steps to pres­sure China into join­ing the PSI, and calls on Congress to press Pres­i­dent Bush to force China to carry out both sea and land in­spec­tions of weapons re­lated goods go­ing in and out of North Korea un­der U.N. Se­cu­rity Coun­cil Res­o­lu­tion 1718.

The re­port rec­om­mends tight­en­ing sanc­tions on Chi­nese com­pa­nies en­gaged in il­licit arms sales, and says Congress should also re­quire the pres­i­dent to pro­vide reg­u­lar re­ports iden­ti­fy­ing what ac­tions China has taken to curb North Korean and Ira­nian nu­clear ac­tiv­i­ties.

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