New Defense Secretary Gates likely to sustain terror war
Defense Secretary-designate Robert M. Gates is not expected to rein in the aggressive global war on al Qaeda started by predecessor Donald H. Rumsfeld or reverse the transformation of the Army, but insteadfocusonhowtowininIraqand get American troops home, current and former Pentagon officials say.
“Hedefinitelyisnotseenassomeone wimping out on the global war,” said a Pentagon adviser. “How he does it, and what tools, and who he entrusts with them, that’s a whole different issue.”
Mr. Gates, once confirmed by what Republicans hope will be a December floor vote, will arrive at the Pentagon needing to replace a numberofsenioraidestoMr.Rumsfeld who set policy on intelligence, specialoperationsandthewaritself.
Some other officials Mr. Rumsfeld eyed for senior posts may be discarded because they would not get through a Democrat-controlled Senate, Pentagon officials said.
President Bush introduced his new defense secretary on Nov. 8 and said Nov. 11 that Mr. Gates was an “agent of change” in a sign of the growing momentum for a new direction in Iraq policy after election defeat for Republicans.
“Hehasexperienceleadinglarge and complex organizations, and he has shown that he is an agent of change,”Mr.Bushsaidinhisweekly radio address. “He will provide a freshoutlookonourstrategyinIraq, and what we need to do to prevail.”
That task will be Mr. Gates’ overriding focus in the administration’s last two years. The quiet government staff man and former college president will be the Pentagon leader the president hopes will ensure that Iraq is not as damaging in the 2008 election to Republicans as it was in 2006.
Mr. Gates on Nov. 10 resigned from the Iraq Study Group, a blueribbon panel established by Congress to find new solutions for Iraq. The bipartisan group is headed by former Secretary of State James A. Baker III and former Rep. Lee Hamilton, Indiana Democrat.
It is Mr. Gates’ ties to Mr. Baker and Brent Scowcroft, former President Bush’s national security adviser, that has Republican hawks worried.Mr.Gatesworkedwithboth in the first Bush administration as CIA director and deputy to Mr. Scowcroft.
Mr. Scowcroft opposed the war and is said to be cool to Mr. Rumsfeld’s aggressive style of using the full force of the military to confront alQaeda.Hewasamongtheteamof aideswhoadvisedthefirstPresident BushtoendthefightingagainstIraq in 1991 in the first Gulf war.
In an published interview two years ago in London’s Financial Times, Mr. Scowcroft said Iraq was a “failing venture.”
Mr. Baker’s State Department practicedpragmatismattimesover loftier goals. He already has said he supports talking to one’s enemies, a sign the study group may recommend engaging in talks with Iraq’s terrorist-sponsoring neighbors, Iran and Syria.
“I don’t think you restrict your conversations to your friends,” Mr. Baker told ABC News.
Someconservativesfearsuchlanguage means Mr. Baker — and Mr. Gates — will urge a political agreement that rewards the two hardline regimes that have supported the deadly Iraqi insurgency with millions in cash, training and weapons.
“Gates has no credentials as a military strategist or innovator,” said Jed Babbin, a senior Pentagon official in the first Bush administration. “ToreplaceRumsfeldwithsomeone lacking these credentials is more than worrisome. [. . . ] How will we proceed to win the war? It all comes down to how the president wants to proceed. That’s the most important open question.”
Mr. Gates will bring a new style to a Pentagon. While Mr. Rumsfeld isbrashandcombative,Mr.Gatesis studious and measured.
He is not viewed as a conservative ideologue, but rather a career manager who rose through the ranks of the CIA’s academic-style analytical branch at Langley headquarters. He is more bureaucrat than revolutionary like Mr. Rumsfeld, who pushed through more than 100 transformational reforms and policies.
Mr. Rumsfeld in particular brought special-operations forces off the shelf after the September 11 attacks and empowered commandos with money and manpower to become al Qaeda hunters.
“Rumsfeld understood modern war and real transformation,” said an Army Special Forces soldier. “Let’s hope Gates doesn’t can Pentagon [intelligence] collection efforts in favor of his old alma mater. Let’s also hope that generals don’t convince Gates that true transformation means more artillery and bigger tanks.”
Thecupboardwillbeabitbareat thePentagon.PeterRodman,theassistant secretary of defense who oversees Iraq and Afghanistan policy, told his staff two weeks ago that he will leave with Mr. Rumsfeld. Stephen Cambone, a close aide to Mr. Rumsfeld and his top intelligence official, also will likely leave. Thomas O’Connell, the top policymaker for special operations, already had said he would be leaving after the election.
Mr. Gates, who will bring in his own staff, is working out of the White House to prepare for confirmation hearings before the Senate Armed Services Committee. By law, he is not allowed to engage in policy-making until sworn in.