U.S. to de­fend space with mil­i­tary force

The Washington Times Weekly - - Front Page - By Bill Gertz

The United States will use mil­i­tary force in space to pro­tect satel­lites and other space sys­tems from at­tack by hos­tile states or ter­ror­ists, the Bush ad­min­is­tra­tion’s se­nior arms-con­trol of­fi­cial said on Dec. 13.

Robert Joseph, un­der­sec­re­tary of state for arms con­trol and in­ter­na­tional se­cu­rity, said in a speech out­lin­ing a new White House space pol­icy that free ac­cess to space is a “vi­tal” U.S. in­ter­est and that the Bush ad­min­is­tra­tion op­poses new agree­ments that would limit U.S. space de­fenses.

“To en­sure free ac­cess to space [. . . ] we must con­tinue to de­velop a full range of op­tions to de­ter and de­fend against threats to our space in­fra­struc­ture,” Mr. Joseph said


Blogs do not “dom­i­nate” the news and in­for­ma­tion field, and sur­pris­ingly, so­cial-net­work­ing sites such as MyS­pace.com at­tract peo­ple of all ages. Forty-two per­cent of 18- to 24-year-olds fre­quent the sites — but so do 10 per­cent of those from 45 to 54, for ex­am­ple.

The re­searchers also ques­tioned the idea that young peo­ple don’t read news­pa­pers. They found that more than half of the 18to 24-year-olds read their lo­cal news­pa­pers, with 16 per­cent turn­ing to large na­tional news­pa­pers.

The sur­vey was con­ducted Sept. 6-20 and re­leased Dec. 12. It has a mar­gin of er­ror of 3 per­cent­age points.

The Pew Re­search Cen­ter also found that Amer­i­cans are not yet rush­ing to em­brace the new me­dia. A sur­vey of na­tional news habits ear­lier this year re­vealed that only 4 per­cent of re­spon­dents over­all seek out blogs. Among 18to 24-year-olds, the fig­ure only rose to 9 per­cent.

“The ar­rival of the In­ter­net as a news op­tion has not changed the ba­sic pat­tern of news con­sump­tion over the past decade,” the sur­vey stated.

Less than a quar­ter of Amer­i­cans over­all — 23 per­cent — went on­line to re­trieve news, ac­tu­ally down a point from a sim­i­lar Pew sur­vey taken two years ear­lier. News­pa­per Web sites did not fare so well: Only 9 per­cent of the re­spon­dents ac­tu­ally read their pa­per on­line, the sur­vey found.

While most Amer­i­cans are far from be­ing in­sa­tiable news junkies, most at least have a reg­u­lar news habit. Pew found that 81 per­cent of the na­tion mon­i­tors the news daily, down from 90 per­cent in 1994. How much time gets al­lo­cated? Whether they read, lis­ten watch or log on to re­trieve it, Amer­i­cans on av­er­age spend 67 min­utes a day get­ting their news fix.

The­most­time(30min­utes)went to TV, fol­lowed by ra­dio (16 min­utes) and news­pa­pers (15 min­utes.) The low­est pro­por­tion — 6 min­utes — was de­voted to In­ter­net use.

The Pew poll of 3,406 adults was re­leased July 30 and has a mar­gin of er­ror of 3 per­cent­age points.


A 65-foot tall, 37-year-old Sil­ver Fir from Olympic Na­tional For­est is this year’s Capi­tol Christ­mas tree, seen dur­ing the light­ing cer­e­mony on Dec. 6.

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