As part of its new policy of trying to get tough on foreign interference in Iraq, U.S. intelligence officials recently disclosed to the Senate intelligence committee some details of the Iranian role.
Iranian paramilitary troops and intelligence agents have been supplying Iraqi Shi’ite insurgents with “explosiveformed projectiles” or as the military calls them, EFPs. The shaped charges are designed to penetrate hardened targets by focusing the power of their explosives. They were built for anti-tank missiles and nuclear weapons detonation.
Sen. Ron Wyden, Oregon Democrat, said U.S. military personnel believe “Iran is supplying devices that are now killing our courageous troops.” He asked Director of National Intelligence John D. Negroponte about the Iranian EFPs that are being used in Shi’ite areas of Iraq. Mr. Negroponte responded that the explanation of the Iranian shaped charges is “generally true.”
CIA Director Air Force Gen. Michael V. Hayden also said: “That’s very consistent, senator, with our analysis. We believe that to be true. The EFPs are coming from Iran. They are being used against our forces. They are capable of defeating some of our heaviest armor, and incident for incident cause significantly more casualties than any other improvised explosive devices do, and they are provided to Shi’ite militia. That’s all correct.”