President prepares for ‘future of hope and opportunity’
The following are excerpts of President Bush’s State of the Union Address,aspreparedfordeliveryon Jan. 23:
This rite of custom brings us together at a defining hour — when decisions are hard and courage is tested. We enter the year 2007 with large endeavors under way, and others that are ours to begin. In all of this, much is asked of us. We must have the will to face difficult challenges and determined enemies — and the wisdom to face them together.
Some in this chamber are new to the House and Senate — and I congratulate the Democratic majority. Congress has changed, but our responsibilities have not. Each of us is guided by our own convictions — and to these we must stay faithful. Yet we are all held to the same standards and called to serve the same good purposes. [. . . ]
We are not the first to come here with government divided and uncertaintyintheair.Likemanybefore us, we can work through our differences,andachievebigthingsforthe American people. [. . . ]
A future of hope and opportunity begins with a growing economy — and that is what we have. We are now in the 41st month of uninterrupted job growth — in a recovery that has created 7.2 million new jobs so far. Unemployment is low, inflation is low, and wages are rising. This economy is on the move — and our job is to keep it that way, not with more government but with more enterprise. [. . . ] ‘Three economic reforms’
Tonight, I want to discuss three economicreformsthatdeservetobe priorities for this Congress.
First, we must balance the federal budget. We can do so without raising taxes. What we need to do is impose spending discipline in Washington, D.C. We set a goal of cutting the deficit in half by 2009 — and met that goal three years ahead of schedule. Now let us take the next step. In the coming weeks, I will submit a budget that eliminates the federal deficit within the next five years. [. . . ]
Next, there is the matter of earmarks. These special interest items are often slipped into bills at the last hour — when not even C-SPAN is watching. In 2005 alone, the number of earmarks grew to over 13,000 and totaled nearly $18 billion. [. . . ] The time has come to end this practice. [. . . ]
Finally, to keep this economy strong, we must take on the challenge of entitlements. Social Security and Medicare and Medicaid are commitments of conscience — and so it is our duty to keep them permanently sound. Yet we are failing in that duty — and this failure will one day leave our children with three bad options: huge tax increases, huge deficits, or huge and immediate cuts in benefits. Everyone in this chamber knows this to be true — yet somehow we have not found it in ourselves to act. So let us work together and do it now. With enough good sense and good will, you and I can fix Medicare and Medicaid — and save Social Security.
Spreading opportunity and hope in America also requires public schoolsthatgivechildrentheknowledgeandcharactertheyneedinlife. Five years ago, we rose above partisandifferencestopasstheNoChild Left Behind Act. [. . . ]
The No Child Left Behind Act has worked for America’s children —andIaskCongresstoreauthorize this good law.
A future of hope and opportunity requires that all our citizens have affordable and available health care. When it comes to health care, governmenthasanobligationtocarefor the elderly, the disabled and poor children. [. . . ]
Tonight, I propose two new initiatives to help more Americans afford their own insurance. First, I proposeastandardtaxdeductionfor health insurance that will be like the standard tax deduction for dependents. Families with health insurance will pay no income or payroll taxeson$15,000oftheirincome.Single Americans with health insurance will pay no income or payroll taxeson$7,500oftheirincome.With this reform, more than 100 million men, women, and children who are now covered by employer-provided insurancewillbenefitfromlowertax bills. [. . . ]
For Americans who now purchasehealthinsuranceontheirown, my proposal would mean a substantial tax savings — $4,500 for a familyoffourmaking$60,000ayear. And for the millions of other Americans who have no health insurance at all, this deduction would help put abasicprivatehealthinsuranceplan withintheirreach.Changingthetax code is a vital and necessary step to making health care affordable for more Americans.
My second proposal is to help the states that are coming up with innovative ways to cover the uninsured. States that make basic private health insurance available to all their citizens should receive federal funds to help them provide this coverage to the poor and the sick. I have asked the secretary of health and human services to work with Congress to take existing federal funds and use them to create “Affordable Choices” grants. These grants would give our nation’s governors more money and more flexibility to get private health insur- ance to those most in need. [. . . ] Immigration ‘debate’
Extending hope and opportunity in our country requires an immigration system worthy of America —withlawsthatarefairandborders thataresecure.Whenlawsandborders are routinely violated, this harms the interests of our country. To secure our border, we are doublingthesizeoftheBorderPatrol— andfundingnewinfrastructureand technology.
Yet even with all these steps, we cannot fully secure the border unless we take pressure off the border — and that requires a temporaryworker program. We should establish a legal and orderly path for foreignworkerstoenterourcountryto work on a temporary basis. As a result, they won’t have to try to sneak in — and that will leave border agents free to chase down drug smugglers, and criminals, and terrorists. We will enforce our immigration laws at the work site, and giveemployersthetoolstoverifythe legal status of their workers — so there is no excuse left for violating the law. We need to uphold the great tradition of the melting pot that welcomesandassimilatesnewarrivals. And we need to resolve the status of the illegal immigrants who are already in our country — without animosity and without amnesty.
ConvictionsrundeepinthisCapitol when it comes to immigration. Let us have a serious, civil, and conclusive debate — so that you can pass,andIcansign,comprehensive immigration reform into law.
Extending hope and opportunity dependsonastablesupplyofenergy that keeps America’s economy running and America’s environment clean. For too long, our nation has been dependent on foreign oil. [. . . ]
It is in our vital interest to diversifyAmerica’senergysupply—and the way forward is through technology. We must continue changing the way America generates electric power — by even greater use of clean coal technology, solar and wind energy, and clean, safe nuclear power. We need to press on with battery research for plug-in and hybrid vehicles, and expand the use of clean diesel vehicles and biodiesel fuel. We must continue investing in new methods of producing ethanol — using everything from wood chips, to grasses, to agricultural wastes. [. . . ]
Tonight,IaskCongresstojoinme inpursuingagreatgoal.Letusbuild on the work we have done and reduce gasoline usage in the United States by 20 percent in the next ten years—therebycuttingourtotalimports by the equivalent of threequartersofalltheoilwenowimport from the Middle East.
To reach this goal, we must increase the supply of alternative fuels, by setting a mandatory fuels standard to require 35 billion gallons of renewable and alternative fuels in 2017 — this is nearly five times the current target. At the same time, we need to reform and modernize fuel economy standards for cars the way we did for light trucks — and conserve up to eight and a half billion more gallons of gasoline by 2017. [. . . ] ‘Fight the enemy’
For all of us in this room, there is no higher responsibility than to protect the people of this country from danger. Five years have come and gone since we saw the scenes and felt the sorrow that terrorists can cause. We have had time to take stockofoursituation.Wehaveadded many critical protections to guard the homeland. We know with certainty that the horrors of that Septembermorningwerejustaglimpse of what the terrorists intend for us — unless we stop them.
Withthedistanceoftime,wefind ourselves debating the causes of conflict and the course we have followed. Such debates are essential whenagreatdemocracyfacesgreat questions. Yet one question has surelybeensettled—thattowinthe war on terror we must take the fight to the enemy. [. . . ]
Every success against the terrorists is a reminder of the shoreless ambitions of this enemy. The evil that inspired and rejoiced in 9/11 is stillatworkintheworld.Andsolong as that is the case, America is still a nation at war.
In the minds of the terrorists, this warbeganwellbeforeSeptember11 and will not end until their radical vision is fulfilled. [. . . ] Al Qaeda and its followers are Sunni extremists, possessed by hatred and commanded by a harsh and narrow ideology. Take almost any principle of civilization, and their goal is the opposite. They preach with threats, instruct with bullets and bombs and promise paradise for the murder of the innocent.
Our enemies are quite explicit about their intentions. They want to overthrow moderate governments, and establish safe havens from which to plan and carry out new attacks on our country. By killing and terrorizing Americans, they want to force our country to retreat from the world and abandon the cause of liberty. They would then be free to imposetheirwillandspreadtheirtotalitarian ideology. Listen to this warning from the late terrorist Zarqawi: “We will sacrifice our blood and bodies to put an end to your dreams, and what is coming is even worse.” And Osama bin Laden declared: “Death is better than living on this Earth with the unbelievers among us.”
These men are not given to idle words, and they are just one camp in the Islamist radical movement. In recent times, it has also become clear that we face an escalating danger from Shi’a extremists who are just as hostile to America, and are also determined to dominate the Middle East. Many are known to take direction from the regime in Iran, which is funding and arming terrorists like Hezbollah — a group second only to al Qaeda in the American lives it has taken.
The Shi’a and Sunni extremists are different faces of the same totalitarian threat. But whatever slogans they chant, when they slaughter the innocent, they have the same wicked purposes. They want to kill Americans, kill democracy in the Middle East and gain the weapons to kill on an even more horrific scale. [. . . ]
The great question of our day is whetherAmericawillhelpmenand women in the Middle East to build free societies and share in the rights of all humanity. And I say, for the sake of our own security, we must. ‘The fight we are in’
In the last two years, we have seen the desire for liberty in the broaderMiddleEast—andwehave been sobered by the enemy’s fierce reaction. [. . . ] Despite endless threats from the killers in their midst, nearly 12 million Iraqi citizens came out to vote in a show of hopeandsolidarityweshouldnever forget.
A thinking enemy watched [. . . ] adjusted their tactics, and in 2006, they struck back. In Lebanon, assassins took the life of Pierre Gemayel,aprominentparticipantin the Cedar Revolution. And Hezbollah terrorists, with support from SyriaandIran,sowedconflictinthe region and are seeking to undermineLebanon’slegitimatelyelected government. In Afghanistan, Taliban and al Qaeda fighters tried to regainpowerbyregroupingandengaging Afghan and NATO forces. In Iraq, al Qaeda and other Sunni extremists blew up one of the most sacred places in Shi’a Islam — the
Golden Mosque of Samarra. This atrocity, directed at a Muslim house of prayer, was designed to provoke retaliation from Iraqi Shi’a — and it succeeded. Radical Shi’a elements, someofwhomreceivesupportfrom Iran, formed death squads. The result was a tragic escalation of sectarian rage and reprisal that continues to this day.
This is not the fight we entered in Iraq, but it is the fight we are in. Every one of us wishes that this war were over and won. Yet it would not be like us to leave our promises unkept, our friends abandoned, and our own security at risk. Ladies and gentlemen: On this day, at this hour, it is still within our power to shape the outcome of this battle. So let us find our resolve, and turn events toward victory. [. . . ]
My fellow citizens, our military commanders and I have carefully weighed the options. We discussed everypossibleapproach.Intheend, Ichosethiscourseofactionbecause it provides the best chance of success. Many in this chamber understand that America must not fail in Iraq—becauseyouunderstandthat the consequences of failure would be grievous and far reaching.
If American forces step back before Baghdad is secure, the Iraqi government would be overrun by extremists on all sides. We could expect an epic battle between Shi’a extremists backed by Iran, and Sunni extremists aided by al Qaeda and supporters of the old regime. A contagion of violence could spill out acrossthecountry—andintimethe entireregioncouldbedrawnintothe conflict.
For America, this is a nightmare scenario. For the enemy, this is the objective. Chaos is their greatest allyinthisstruggle.Andoutofchaos in Iraq, would emerge an emboldened enemy with new safe havens, new recruits, new resources and an evengreaterdeterminationtoharm America. [. . . ]
This is where matters stand tonight, in the here and now. I have spoken with many of you in person. I respect you and the arguments you have made. We went into this largely united — in our assumptions and in our convictions. And whatever you voted for, you did not vote for failure. Our country is pursuing a new strategy in Iraq — and I ask you to give it a chance to work. And I ask you to support our troops in the field — and those on their way. [. . . ] ‘Heroic kindness’
The greatest strength we have is the heroic kindness, courage, and self sacrifice of the American people. You see this spirit often if you know where to look — and tonight we need only look above to the gallery.
Dikembe Mutombo grew up in Africa, amid great poverty and disease. He came to Georgetown University on a scholarship to study medicine—butCoachJohnThompson got a look at Dikembe and had a different idea. Dikembe became a star in the NBA and a citizen of the United States. But he never forgot the land of his birth — or the duty to share his blessings with others. He has built a brand new hospital in his hometown. A friend has said of this good hearted man: “Mutombo believes that God has given him this opportunity to do great things.” And we are proud to call this son of the Congo our fellow American.
After her daughter was born, Julie Aigner-Clark searched for ways to share her love of music and art with her child. So she borrowed some equipment, and began filming children’s videos in her basement. The Baby Einstein Company was born — and in just five years, her business grew to more than $20 million in sales. In November 2001, Julie sold Baby Einstein to the Walt Disney Company, and with her help Baby Einstein has grown into a $200 million business. Julie represents the great enterprising spirit of America. [. . . ] We are pleased to welcome this talented business entrepreneur and generous social entrepreneur — Julie Aigner-Clark.
Three weeks ago, Wesley Autrey waswaitingataHarlemsubwaystation with his two little girls, when he sawamanfallintothepathofatrain. Withsecondstoact,Wesleyjumped onto the tracks, pulled the man into a space between the rails and held him as the train passed right above theirheads.[...]Thereissomething wonderful about a country that produces a brave and humble man like Wesley Autrey.
Tommy Rieman was a teenager pumping gas in Independence, Ky., whenheenlistedintheUnitedStates Army.InDecember2003,hewason a reconnaissance mission in Iraq when his team came under heavy enemy fire. From his Humvee, Sergeant Rieman returned fire — and used his body as a shield to protect his gunner. He was shot in the chest and arm, and received shrapnel wounds to his legs — yet he refused medical attention, and stayed inthefight.Hehelpedtorepelasecond attack, firing grenades at the enemy’sposition.Forhisexceptional courage, Sergeant Rieman was awarded the Silver Star. And like so many other Americans who have volunteered to defend us, he has earned the respect and gratitude of our whole country.
Insuchcourageandcompassion, ladies and gentlemen, we see the spirit and character of America — and these qualities are not in short supply. This is a decent and honorablecountry—andresilient,too.We havebeenthroughalottogether.We have met challenges and faced dangers, and we know that more lie ahead. Yet we can go forward with confidence — because the State of ourUnionisstrong,ourcauseinthe worldisright,andtonightthatcause goes on.
President Bush received applause from Vice President Dick Cheney as House Speaker Nancy Pelosi looked on before his State of the Union address on Jan. 23.