Russia, Kazakhstan form nuke fuel bank
Russia and Kazakhstan signed an agreement last week creating a joint uranium-enrichment center, a possible first step toward an international nuclear fuel “bank” that could remove the need for countries such as Iran to pursue their own enrichment programs, Kazakh Foreign Minister Marat Tazhin said.
Russia signed an agreement to create the enrichment center in the Siberian city of Angarsk during a visit to Kazakhstan by President Vladimir Putin.
Known for its huge oil and gas reserves, Kazakhstan is also the world’s second-largest producer of uranium, and is expected to surpass market leader Australia in the next few years.
“Today it is just a bilateral arrangement, but it could be open to any country that wants to use the mechanism,” Mr. Tazhin said.
He said the project was just getting under way and it would be up to Iran or any other nation to decide whether they want to participate.
“It is difficult right now to say who might want to join,” he said.
Nonproliferation specialists have pushed the idea of a nuclear fuel bank as a way to discourage countries from developing their own domestic uranium-enrichment programs.
The Bush administration has led an international drive to block Iran’s enrichment program, claiming it is secretly being used to produce fuel for nuclear weapons.
The U.S. Department of Energy last year initiated the Global Nuclear Energy Par tnership (GNEP), a key part of which offered countries that renounced nuclear fuel-cycle activities access to U.S. nuclear fuel for civilian power needs.
At about the same time, Mr. Putin floated the idea of a network of international nuclear fuel-cycle centers, which Russian officials said could be used by developing countries seeking nuclear power.
The Angarsk site would be the first center in the network. Russian officials argue their plan could be implemented much more quickly than the American alternative.
A U.S. official familiar with the nuclear-bank debate said the Bush administration was “largely neutral” on the Russia-Kazakhstan plan. Both countries are members of the Nuclear Suppliers Group, which has strict standards designed to prevent nuclear weapons proliferation.
“Obviously, we would expect both countries to abide by the rules they have agreed to,” the official said.