In defense of pork: Democrats put a friendly face on earmarks
Capitol Hill’s top Democrats are making a full-throated effort to rebrand earmarks as good government, not a dirty word synonymous with pork-barrel high jinks.
With President Obama’s vow to clamp down on earmarks putting pressure on lawmakers to change their ways, congressional leaders have set out to educate voters about why they think Congress should direct dollars to districts or states for specific pet projects.
“That there is something in- herently evil, wicked or criminal or wrong with [earmarks], it’s just not the case,” said Senate Majority Whip Richard J. Durbin, Illinois Democrat, noting that he earmarked millions of dollars in the pending omnibus spending bill for what he said were worthy projects in his home state.
Mr. Durbin said lawmakers’ pet projects are listed in the bill and exposed to public scrutiny, and that members of Congress know how to best spend taxpayer dollars in their districts and states.
“Otherwise, what happens? We give the money to the agency downtown and they decide where to spend it,” Mr. Durbin said on the Senate floor. “It isn’t as if the money won’t be spent. Oh, it will be spent. But it may not be spent as effectively or for projects that are as valuable.”
The refrain has been the same from other top Democrats, whether from Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid of Nevada or House Majority Leader Steny H. Hoyer of Maryland. Besides touting the merits of earmarks, these Democrats balked at Mr. Obama’s announcement two weeks ago of a plan to reel in pork-barrel spending.
Both Mr. Reid and Mr. Hoyer made clear that they thought it was out of Mr. Obama’s constitutional jurisdiction.
But the “power of the purse” argument does not belong only to congressional Democrats.
When Republicans ran both chambers, House Majority Leader Tom DeLay of Texas and his colleagues argued just as staunchly that they had both a constitutional right to direct spending and the knowledge of which projects in their districts and states are most worthy.
But earmarks “don’t go to the most critical and most important projects across the country” because they bypass the committee process and don’t compete for funds with other priorities, said Steve Ellis, vice president of the nonpartisan watchdog group Taxpayers for Common Sense.
If the projects were in any way awarded on merit, then the lion’s share of pork wouldn’t be going to the most powerful and senior members of Congress, Mr. Ellis said.
“Earmarks are the grease of the pay-to-play system where the powerful and the politically con-
nected win out,” he said.
Congressional Republicans, deter mined to revive their image as the party of fiscal restraint, helped push the ear- mark issue to the fore as they hammered a $410 billion catchall spending bill for 2009 that has about $12.8 billion worth of earmarks. However, about 40 percent of the earmarks in the omnibus bill were requested by Republicans.
The roughly 9,000 pet projects in the spending package, known as an omnibus bill, include $951,500 for a “sustainable Las Vegas” s t u d y, $238,000 for the Polynesian Voyaging Society in Honolulu, $190,000 for the Buffalo Bill Histor ical Center in Cody, Wyo., and $24,000 for a program in Pennsylvania to promote sexual abstinence.
Sen. John McCain, an Arizona Republican who has swor n off sponsor ing earmarks, said they are “evil” because they have perverted the appropriations process.
He said earmarks were rare 25 years ago, but now lawmakers dole out billions of dollars each year at whim.
“The evil grew and grew, like any other evil,” Mr. McCain said. “While the American people are suffer ing under the worst recession since the Great Depression, we here in Congress not only are doing business as usual, we are wasting the taxpayers’ money at an incredible rate.”