On China, JOE says the ad­vice of Bei­jing’s late leader Deng Xiao-ping for China to “dis­guise its am­bi­tion and hide its claws” may rep­re­sent a forth­right state­ment.

The Washington Times Weekly - - Commentary -

ex­actly what will hap­pen, it says “his­tory pro­vides some hints about the chal­lenges the Chi­nese con­front in adapt­ing to a world where they are on a tra­jec­tory to be­come a great power. For mil­len­nia, China has held a po­si­tion of cul­tural and po­lit­i­cal dom­i­nance over the lands and peo­ple on its fron­tiers that has been true of no other civ­i­liza­tion.”

Though JOE doesn’t say so, this ac­cords with the Chi­nese con­cept of the Mid­dle King­dom op­er­ate to­gether, says in JOE that the con­ti­nu­ities in China’s civ­i­liza­tion have a neg­a­tive side: “To a con­sid­er­able ex­tent they have iso­lated China from cur­rents and de­vel­op­ments in the ex­ter­nal world. China’s his­tory for much of the 20th cen­tury fur­ther ex­ac­er­bated that iso­la­tion.”

JOE points to civil wars, the Ja­panese in­va­sions of the 1930s and 1940s and “the pro­longed pe­riod of China’s iso­la­tion dur- world. This has not rep­re­sented a bla­tant ap­ing nor an ef­fort to cherry-pick [se­lect] ideas from his­tory or West­ern the­o­ret­i­cal writ­ings on strat­egy and war, but rather a con­tentious, open de­bate.”

Some China hands, how­ever, would ar­gue that the Chi­nese are still ig­no­rant of the out­side world and that could cause them to mis­cal­cu­late mil­i­tary power. Leaders of the U.S. Pa­cific Com­mand have, one af­ter

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