On China, JOE says the advice of Beijing’s late leader Deng Xiao-ping for China to “disguise its ambition and hide its claws” may represent a forthright statement.
exactly what will happen, it says “history provides some hints about the challenges the Chinese confront in adapting to a world where they are on a trajectory to become a great power. For millennia, China has held a position of cultural and political dominance over the lands and people on its frontiers that has been true of no other civilization.”
Though JOE doesn’t say so, this accords with the Chinese concept of the Middle Kingdom operate together, says in JOE that the continuities in China’s civilization have a negative side: “To a considerable extent they have isolated China from currents and developments in the external world. China’s history for much of the 20th century further exacerbated that isolation.”
JOE points to civil wars, the Japanese invasions of the 1930s and 1940s and “the prolonged period of China’s isolation dur- world. This has not represented a blatant aping nor an effort to cherry-pick [select] ideas from history or Western theoretical writings on strategy and war, but rather a contentious, open debate.”
Some China hands, however, would argue that the Chinese are still ignorant of the outside world and that could cause them to miscalculate military power. Leaders of the U.S. Pacific Command have, one after