How did North Korea respond to these openhanded, friendly gestures? Pyongyang thanked us by conducting a ballistic missile test (under the cover of a satellite launch), restarting a plutoniumproducing reactor at Yongbyon, taking two American women hostage
and authorized member states, including the United States, to intercept ships bound for North Korea to inspect them for nuclear components.
The United States also can take action under the 2006 North Korea Nonproliferation Act, which authorizes punishing foreigners trading in nuclear and missile technology with North Korea.
So far, the United States and other countries have failed to press North Korea to the limit of these U.N. measures,
As is well known in the intelligence community, Iranian technicians were present during North Korea’s 2006 nuclear test. North Korean nuclear specialists were covertly videotaped at the secret Syrian nuclear reactor that Israel destroyed in September 2007. The reactor reportedly was underwritten by Iran as a means of carrying out nuclearweapons development outside the country, thus evading the United Nations and other inspection regimes. Iranian mis-