When has the par­don been abused?

The Week (US) - - News 11 -

Abuse can be in the eye—and pol­i­tics— of the be­holder. Thomas Jef­fer­son was widely crit­i­cized for par­don­ing al­lies con­victed un­der the Alien and Sedi­tion Acts. More than a cen­tury later, Pres­i­dent War­ren G. Hard­ing was ac­cused of sell­ing par­dons for con­tri­bu­tions, and gave one to a mob en­forcer sus­pected in 60 mur­ders. Franklin D. Roo­sevelt par­doned Con­rad Mann—con­victed of run­ning an il­le­gal lot­tery—mainly be­cause he was a close as­so­ciate of Kansas City’s no­to­ri­ous Demo­cratic boss Tom Pen­der­gast. In 1971, Richard M. Nixon granted clemency to Team­sters Pres­i­dent Jimmy Hoffa, who was do­ing 15 years for jury tam­per­ing and fraud; in 1972, the pow­er­ful Hoffa threw the union’s sup­port

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