TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

Tulsa World - - Front Page - | To­day is Sun­day, Sept. 16, 2018. — Associated Press

To­day's High­lights in His­tory:

On Sept. 16, 1987, two dozen coun­tries signed the Montreal Pro­to­col, a treaty de­signed to save Earth's ozone layer by calling on na­tions to re­duce emis­sions of harm­ful chem­i­cals by the year 2000.

Mex­ico be­gan its re­volt against Span­ish rule.

The song “Jin­gle Bells” by James Pier­pont was copy­righted un­der its orig­i­nal ti­tle, “One Horse Open Sleigh.” (The song, while con­sid­ered a Christ­mas­time clas­sic, was writ­ten for Thanks­giv­ing.)

More than 100,000 set­tlers swarmed onto a sec­tion of land in Ok­la­homa known as the “Chero­kee Strip.”

Gen­eral Mo­tors was founded in Flint, Michi­gan, by Wil­liam C. Du­rant.

The Amer­i­can Le­gion re­ceived a na­tional char­ter from Congress.

Pres­i­dent Franklin D. Roo­sevelt signed the Se­lec­tive Train­ing and Ser­vice Act. Sa­muel T. Ray­burn of Texas was elected Speaker of the U.S. House of Rep­re­sen­ta­tives.

The rock-and-roll show “Shindig!” pre­miered on ABCTV.

1810: 1857: 1893: 1908: 1919: 1940: 1964: 1974:

Pres­i­dent Ger­ald R. Ford an­nounced a con­di­tional amnesty pro­gram for Viet­nam war de­sert­ers and drafte­vaders. The mas­sacre of be­tween 1,200 and 1,400 Pales­tinian men, women and chil­dren at the hands of Is­raeli-al­lied Chris­tian Pha­lange mili­ti­a­men be­gan in west Beirut's Sabra and Shatila refugee camps.

A fed­eral jury in An­chor­age, Alaska, or­dered Exxon Corp. to pay $5 bil­lion in puni­tive dam­ages for the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill (the U.S Supreme Court later re­duced that amount to $507.5 mil­lion).

1982: 1994:

Two as­tro­nauts from the space shut­tle Dis­cov­ery went on the first un­teth­ered space­walk in 10 years.

Pres­i­dent Ge­orge W. Bush, speak­ing on the South Lawn of the White House, said there was “no ques­tion” Osama bin Laden and his fol­low­ers were the prime sus­pects in the Sept. 11 at­tacks; Bush pledged the gov­ern­ment would “find them, get them run­ning and hunt them down.”

Con­trac­tors for the U.S. se­cu­rity firm Black­wa­ter USA

2001: 2007:

guard­ing a U.S. State De­part­ment con­voy in Baghdad opened fire on civil­ian ve­hi­cles, mis­tak­enly be­liev­ing they were un­der at­tack; 14 Iraqis died. O.J. Simp­son was ar­rested in the alleged armed rob­bery of sports mem­o­ra­bilia col­lec­tors in Las Ve­gas. (Simp­son was con­victed of kid­nap­ping and armed rob­bery and sen­tenced to nine to 33 years in prison; he was re­leased in 2017.)

Gen. David Pe­traeus stepped aside as Gen. Ray Odierno took over as the top Amer­i­can com­man­der of the Iraq war. Pres­i­dent Ge­orge W. Bush got a first­hand look at the fury that Hur­ri­cane Ike had un­leashed on the Gulf Coast with stops in Hous­ton and Galve­ston, Texas, and a he­li­copter tour.

Five years ago: Aaron Alexis, a former U.S. Navy re­servist, went on a shoot­ing ram­page in­side the Wash­ing­ton Navy Yard, killing 12 vic­tims be­fore be­ing shot dead by po­lice.

Trop­i­cal Storm Maria, which would bat­ter the Caribbean as a pow­er­ful hur­ri­cane, formed in the At­lantic. Bri­tish po­lice said they had ar­rested an 18-year-old man in con­nec­tion with the bomb that par­tially ex­ploded a day ear­lier in a Lon­don sub­way car.

Ten years ago: One year ago:

NASA/AP file

A com­pos­ite im­age shows Earth from space.

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