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To­day's High­light in His­tory: On Oct. 13, 1999, the Se­nate re­jected the Com­pre­hen­sive Nu­clear Test Ban Treaty, with 48 sen­a­tors vot­ing in fa­vor and 51 against, far short of the 67 needed for rat­i­fi­ca­tion.

A.D. 54: Ro­man Em­peror Claudius I died, poi­soned ap­par­ently at the be­hest of his wife, Agrip­pina.

1775: The United States Navy had its ori­gins as the Con­ti­nen­tal Congress or­dered the con­struc­tion of a naval fleet.

1792: The cor­ner­stone of the ex­ec­u­tive man­sion, later known as the White House, was laid by Pres­i­dent Ge­orge Washington dur­ing a cer­e­mony in the Dis­trict of Columbia.

Texas vot­ers rat­i­fied a state con­sti­tu­tion.

Pres­i­dent Her­bert Hoover and Chief Jus­tice Charles Evans Hughes laid the cor­ner­stone for the U.S. Supreme Court build­ing in Washington.

Italy de­clared war on Ger­many, its one-time Axis part­ner.

Dur­ing World War II, Amer­i­can troops en­tered Aachen, Ger­many.

“Who's Afraid of Vir­ginia Woolf?,” by Ed­ward Al­bee, opened on Broad­way.

A Uruguayan char­tered | To­day is Satur­day, Oct. 13, 2018. flight car­ry­ing 45 peo­ple crashed in the An­des; sur­vivors re­sorted to feed­ing off the re­mains of the dead to stay alive un­til they were res­cued more than two months later. 1981: Vot­ers in Egypt par­tic­i­pated in a ref­er­en­dum to elect Vice Pres­i­dent Hosni Mubarak the new pres­i­dent, one week af­ter the as­sas­si­na­tion of An­war Sa­dat.

1999: In Boul­der, Colorado, the JonBenet Ram­sey grand jury was dis­missed af­ter 13 months of work with prose­cu­tors say­ing there wasn't enough ev­i­dence to charge any­one in the 6-year-old beauty queen's 1996 slay­ing.

2010: Res­cuers in Chile us­ing a mis­sile-like es­cape cap­sule pulled 33 men to fresh air and free­dom 69 days af­ter they were trapped in a col­lapsed mine a half-mile un­der­ground. Ten years ago: On Wall Street, the Dow Jones in­dus­trial av­er­age gained a shock­ing 936 points af­ter eight days of losses. Amer­i­can Paul Krug­man won the No­bel prize in eco­nomics for his work on in­ter­na­tional trade pat­terns. Las Ve­gas gam­ing ex­ec­u­tive Frank “Lefty” Rosen­thal, who in­spired the film “Casino,” died in Mi­ami Beach at age 79. Five years ago: Gun­men ab­ducted six Red Cross work­ers and a Syr­ian Red Cres­cent vol­un­teer af­ter stop­ping their con­voy in north­west­ern Syria. (Four of the seven were re­leased by the next day.) The Bos­ton Red Sox beat the De­troit Tigers 6-5 to even the AL cham­pi­onship se­ries at 1-all. Den­nis Kimetto broke the course mark in cap­tur­ing the Chicago Marathon in 2 hours, 3 min­utes, 45 sec­onds, lead­ing a 1-2-3 fin­ish for Kenyan men. One year ago: Pres­i­dent Don­ald Trump ac­cused Iran of vi­o­lat­ing the 2015 nu­clear ac­cord, but did not pull the U.S. out of the deal or re-im­pose nu­clear sanc­tions. (Trump would pull the U.S. out of the deal the fol­low­ing May and re­store harsh sanc­tions.) At­tor­neys gen­eral in nearly 20 states filed a law­suit against the Trump ad­min­is­tra­tion over the de­ci­sion to end a fed­eral sub­sidy un­der the Af­ford­able Care Act that low­ered out-of-pocket med­i­cal costs for con­sumers with modest in­comes. Speak­ing to Chris­tian con­ser­va­tives in Washington, Pres­i­dent Don­ald Trump promised a re­turn to tra­di­tional Amer­i­can val­ues and vowed to re­turn “Merry Christ­mas” to the na­tional dis­course.


Se­nate For­eign Re­la­tions Com­mit­tee Chair­man Sen. Jesse Helms, R-N.C., (left) greets Sec­re­tary of State Madeleine Al­bright on Capi­tol Hill on Oct. 7, 1999, as Sen. Joe Bi­den, D-Del., right, looks on, prior to a hear­ing of the com­mit­tee to dis­cuss the pro­posed Com­pre­hen­sive Nu­clear Test Ban Treaty. The Se­nate re­jected the treaty 51-48 on Oct. 13, 1999.

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