Pik Botha, apartheid-era S. African of­fi­cial, dies

Tulsa World - - Our Lives - By Christo­pher Torchia

He was “one of the few” in the apartheid struc­ture who re­al­ized “at an early stage that apartheid was a wrong and crime against hu­man­ity,” the ANC said in a con­do­lence mes­sage.

He will be re­mem­bered for “his sup­port for South Africa's tran­si­tion to democ­racy and for his ser­vice in the first demo­cratic ad­min­is­tra­tion,” the of­fice of Pres­i­dent Cyril Ramaphosa quoted him as say­ing. It said Botha's 17-year stint as for­eign min­is­ter was “a world record in the diplo­matic com­mu­nity.”

Apartheid's last pres­i­dent, F.W. de Klerk, said Botha was a “unique and col­or­ful per­son­al­ity” who ad­vo­cated re­form, con­sti­tu­tional ne­go­ti­a­tions and the re­lease of Man­dela from prison dur­ing in­tense dis­cus­sions within the white mi­nor­ity gov­ern­ment in the 1980s.

How­ever, some South Africans are crit­i­cal of Botha and other apartheid-era lead­ers who ne­go­ti­ated their own po­lit­i­cal exit in rel­a­tive peace, say­ing their as­so­ci­a­tion with a sys­tem that de­nied ba­sic rights to most of the pop­u­la­tion was un­for­give­able.

In 1996, Botha dropped out of ac­tive pol­i­tics af­ter leav­ing Man­dela's Cab­i­net when the Na­tional Party, the rul­ing party dur­ing apartheid, pulled out of South Africa's na­tional unity gov­ern­ment. He has said he op­posed the party's de­ci­sion.

He made few pub­lic com­ments af­ter that, though said in some in­ter­views that he felt re­morse and was even haunted by apartheid's legacy while high­light­ing his ef­forts to change the sys­tem from within and op­pose in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nism.

Botha was “ab­so­lutely de­lighted” when Ramaphosa, a key ANC leader and ne­go­ti­at­ing coun­ter­part dur­ing the tran­si­tion to demo­cratic rule in the early 1990s, be­came pres­i­dent in Fe­bru­ary, Botha's son said. Ramaphosa re­placed Ja­cob Zuma, the scan­dal-marred pres­i­dent who re­signed.

Botha, also a for­mer South African am­bas­sador to the United States, was for­eign min­is­ter from 1977 un­til the end of apartheid in 1994.

He was in­volved in ne­go­ti­a­tions in the late 1980s that led to in­de­pen­dence in neigh­bor­ing Namibia and the with­drawal of Cuban troops from An­gola, where South Africa had been in­volved in a con­flict of Cold War prox­ies.

The re­duc­tion in re­gional ten­sions was fol­lowed by the 1990 re­lease of Man­dela, who had spent 27 years in apartheid prisons.

In the 1996 in­ter­view with O'Mal­ley, Botha pon­dered the hard choices he made as apartheid's front­man.

“Now you can say to me, `but I should have re­signed and gone into the desert and iso­lated my­self and shout and kick.' That was one choice, yes,” he said.

“The other one was to say the things I did say to change peo­ple's minds and to try and be a fac­tor in the trans­for­ma­tion that took place,” Botha said. “Maybe I should have re­signed, and maybe I should have left pol­i­tics, but I hung in there.”

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