An­niver­sary of Amer­i­cans with Dis­abil­i­ties Act: July 26

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On July 26, 1990, Pres­i­dent Ge­orge H.W. Bush signed into law the Amer­i­cans with Dis­abil­i­ties Act, which pro­hibits dis­crim­i­na­tion against peo­ple with dis­abil­i­ties in em­ploy­ment, trans­porta­tion, pub­lic ac­com­mo­da­tions, com­mer­cial fa­cil­i­ties, telecom­mu­ni­ca­tions, and state and lo­cal govern­ment ser­vices.

The fol­low­ing in­for­ma­tion pro­vides a de­mo­graphic snapshot of the U.S. pop­u­la­tion with a dis­abil­ity and ex­am­ines var­i­ous ser­vices avail­able to them. The sta­tis­tics come from var­i­ous Cen­sus Bureau cen­suses and sur­veys, cov­er­ing dif­fer­ing pe­ri­ods of time.

Pop­u­la­tion Dis­tri­bu­tion

56.7 mil­lion The num­ber of peo­ple in the United States with a dis­abil­ity in 2010, rep­re­sent­ing 19.0 per­cent of the civil­ian non­in­sti­tu­tion­al­ized pop­u­la­tion. Peo­ple with a dis­abil­ity have a phys­i­cal or men­tal im­pair­ment that af­fects one or more ma­jor life ac­tiv­i­ties, such as walk­ing, bathing, dress­ing, eat­ing, pre­par­ing meals, do­ing er­rands alone or do­ing house­work. A dis­abil­ity can oc­cur at birth or at any point in a per­son’s life. 15.7 mil­lion The num­ber of peo­ple age 65 and older with at least one dis­abil­ity, ac­cord­ing to data col­lected from 2008 to 2012, which makes up 39.0 per­cent of the pop­u­la­tion in this age group. Of this group, two-thirds had dif­fi­culty in walk­ing or climb­ing stairs. The sec­ond-most cited dis­abil­ity was dif­fi­culty with in­de­pen­dent liv­ing, such as vis­it­ing a doc­tor’s of­fice or shop­ping. 19.4 per­cent The per­cent­age of the civil­ian non­in­sti­tu­tion­al­ized pop­u­la­tion in West Vir­ginia in 2015 with a dis­abil­ity — the high­est rate of any state in the na­tion. Utah, at 9.9 per­cent, had the low­est rate. 28.7 per­cent The per­cent­age of the civil­ian non­in­sti­tu­tion­al­ized pop­u­la­tion in Pike County, Ky., in 2015 with a dis­abil­ity — among the high­est rate in the na­tion for coun­ties with pop­u­la­tions of 65,000 or more. Ken­dall County, Ill., at 4.9 per­cent, had among the low­est rate. 22.4 per­cent The per­cent­age of the civil­ian non­in­sti­tu­tion­al­ized pop­u­la­tion in Flint, Mich., in 2015 with a dis­abil­ity — among the high­est rate in the na­tion among places with pop­u­la­tions of 65,000 or more. Fish­ers, Ind., at 3.5 per­cent, had among the low­est rate. A place is a city, town, vil­lage or bor­ough, ei­ther legally in­cor­po­rated or not.

Ser­vices for Those With Dis­abil­i­ties

2,833 The num­ber of busi­ness estab­lish­ments pro­vid­ing spe­cial needs trans­porta­tion in 2012, up 20.7 per­cent from 2,347 in 2007. Such busi­nesses may use spe­cially equipped ve­hi­cles to pro­vide pas­sen­ger trans­porta­tion. These busi­nesses em­ployed 61,605 peo­ple in 2012 and gen­er­ated rev­enues of $3.5 bil­lion. Em­ploy­ment was up 24.0 per­cent and rev­enues in­creased 27.7 per­cent since 2007. 25,964 The num­ber of busi­ness estab­lish­ments pri­mar­ily pro­vid­ing ser­vices for the elderly and per­sons with dis­abil­i­ties in 2012. These estab­lish­ments pro­vided for the wel­fare of these in­di­vid­u­als in such ar­eas as day care, non­med­i­cal home care or home­maker ser­vices, so­cial ac­tiv­i­ties, group sup­port and com­pan­ion­ship. These busi­nesses em­ployed 901,359 work­ers and gen­er­ated $34.1 bil­lion in rev­enues. In 2015, these busi­nesses gen­er­ated $40.7 bil­lion in rev­enues. 7,832 The num­ber of busi­ness estab­lish­ments pro­vid­ing vo­ca­tional re­ha­bil­i­ta­tion ser­vices in 2012. These busi­nesses em­ployed 312,659 peo­ple and gen­er­ated rev­enues of $12.4 bil­lion. In 2007, there were 7,631 such estab­lish­ments, em­ploy­ing 303,713 peo­ple and pro­duc­ing rev­enues of $11.5 bil­lion. These busi­nesses pro­vide job coun­sel­ing, job train­ing and work ex­pe­ri­ence to peo­ple with dis­abil­i­ties. 14,060 The num­ber of busi­ness estab­lish­ments that pro­vided pet care (ex­cept vet­eri­nary ser­vices) in 2012. These busi­nesses gen­er­ated rev­enues of $3.4 bil­lion. Among these busi­nesses are those that train as­sis­tance dogs. 2,344 The num­ber of busi­ness estab­lish­ments pro­vid­ing trans­la­tion and in­ter­pre­ta­tion ser­vices in 2012. These busi­nesses em­ployed 24,926 peo­ple and gen­er­ated rev­enues of $4.2 bil­lion. In 2007, there were 1,975 such estab­lish­ments, em­ploy­ing 14,546 peo­ple and pro­duc­ing rev­enues of $1.9 bil­lion. Among these busi­nesses are those that pro­vide sign lan­guage ser­vices. 3,597 The num­ber of busi­ness estab­lish­ments pro­vid­ing home health equip­ment rental in 2012, down 4.4 per­cent from 3,762 in 2007. Such busi­nesses rent home­type health and in­valid equip­ment, such as wheel­chairs, hos­pi­tal beds, oxy­gen tanks, etc. These busi­nesses em­ployed 33,935 peo­ple in 2012 and gen­er­ated rev­enues of $5.4 bil­lion. Em­ploy­ment was up 2.8 per­cent while rev­enues de­creased 7.8 per­cent since 2007.

Spe­cific Dis­abil­i­ties

Note: All sta­tis­tics in this sec­tion come from the 2015 Amer­i­can Com­mu­nity Sur­vey, mea­sur­ing the civil­ian non­in­sti­tu­tion­al­ized pop­u­la­tion. 6.8 mil­lion The num­ber of peo­ple age 18 and older in 2015 who had se­ri­ous dif­fi­culty see­ing even when wear­ing glasses. Among peo­ple age 65 and older, 3.0 mil­lion had se­ri­ous dif­fi­culty see­ing. 20.6 mil­lion The num­ber of peo­ple age 18 and older in 2015 who had se­ri­ous dif­fi­culty walk­ing or climb­ing stairs. Among peo­ple age 65 and older, 10.5 mil­lion had se­ri­ous dif­fi­culty walk­ing or climb­ing stairs. 12.9 mil­lion The num­ber of peo­ple age 18 and older in 2015 who had se­ri­ous dif­fi­culty con­cen­trat­ing, re­mem­ber­ing or mak­ing de­ci­sions due to a phys­i­cal, men­tal or emo­tional con­di­tion. Among peo­ple age 65 and older, 4.2 mil­lion had se­ri­ous dif­fi­culty con­cen­trat­ing, re­mem­ber­ing or mak­ing de­ci­sions. 10.8 mil­lion The num­ber of peo­ple age 18 and older in 2015 who re­ported be­ing deaf or hav­ing sig­nif­i­cant dif­fi­culty hear­ing. Among the pop­u­la­tion age 65 and older, 6.9 mil­lion re­ported be­ing deaf or hav­ing sig­nif­i­cant dif­fi­culty hear­ing. 14.2 mil­lion The num­ber of peo­ple age 18 and older in 2015 who had dif­fi­culty do­ing er­rands alone, such as vis­it­ing a doc­tor’s of­fice or shop­ping, due to a phys­i­cal, men­tal or emo­tional con­di­tion. Among peo­ple age 65 and older, 6.9 mil­lion had dif­fi­culty do­ing er­rands alone. 7.5 mil­lion The num­ber of peo­ple age 18 and older in 2015 who had dif­fi­culty dress­ing or bathing. Among peo­ple age 65 and older, 3.8 mil­lion had dif­fi­culty dress­ing or bathing.

Older Peo­ple With a Dis­abil­ity

Note: The source for this sec­tion is Older Amer­i­cans With a Dis­abil­ity: 20082012, which presents sta­tis­tics from the 2008-2012 Amer­i­can Com­mu­nity Sur­vey. 25.4 per­cent The per­cent­age of the pop­u­la­tion age 85 and older with a dis­abil­ity among the pop­u­la­tion age 65 and older. More Than One-Third The pro­por­tion of peo­ple age 85 and older with a dis­abil­ity who lived alone, is about one-fourth of those aged 65 to 74. 54.4 per­cent The per­cent­age of the older pop­u­la­tion who had not grad­u­ated from high school and had a dis­abil­ity, twice the rate of those with a bach­e­lor’s de­gree or higher (26.0 per­cent). 12.6 per­cent The per­cent­age of older Amer­i­cans liv­ing in a house­hold with a dis­abil­ity liv­ing in poverty, com­pared with 7.2 per­cent of the older house­hold pop­u­la­tion with­out a dis­abil­ity.

Earn­ings

$ 21,572 The me­dian earn­ings in the past 12 months for peo­ple with a dis­abil­ity. This is 69.0 per­cent of the me­dian earn­ings, $31,872, for those with­out a dis­abil­ity. (Both fig­ures per­tain to the civil­ian, non­in­sti­tu­tion­al­ized pop­u­la­tion age 16 and older, with earn­ings in the past 12 months.)

Mo­bil­ity

Note: The source for the sta­tis­tics in this sec­tion is De­sire to Move and Res­i­den­tial Mo­bil­ity: 2010-2011, which come from the Sur­vey of In­come and Pro­gram Par­tic­i­pa­tion. 12.5 per­cent The per­cent­age of house­hold­ers with a dis­abil­ity who de­sired to move to another res­i­dence, higher than the cor­re­spond­ing fig­ure of 8.2 per­cent for those with­out a dis­abil­ity. Those with men­tal dis­abil­i­ties were the most likely to de­sire to move (20.6 per­cent). 17.3 per­cent The per­cent­age of house­hold­ers with a dis­abil­ity who de­sired to move to another res­i­dence and ac­tu­ally did so over a one-year pe­riod. 9.3 per­cent The per­cent­age of all house­hold­ers with a dis­abil­ity who moved to another res­i­dence over a one-year pe­riod.

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