Health con­se­quences

Wellness Update - - Meet Our Doctors -

In anorexia nervosa’s cy­cle of self-star­va­tion, the body is de­nied the es­sen­tial nu­tri­ents it needs to func­tion nor­mally. Thus, the body is forced to slow down all of its pro­cesses to con­serve en­ergy, re­sult­ing in: • Ab­nor­mally slow heart rate and low blood pres­sure, which mean that the heart mus­cle is chang­ing. The risk for heart fail­ure rises as the heart rate and blood pres­sure lev­els sink lower and lower. • Re­duc­tion of bone den­sity (os­teo­poro­sis),

which re­sults in dry, brit­tle bones. • Mus­cle loss and weak­ness. • Se­vere de­hy­dra­tion, which can re­sult in kid­ney fail­ure. • Faint­ing, fa­tigue, and over­all weak­ness. • Dry hair and skin; hair loss is com­mon. • Growth of a downy layer of hair called lanugo all over the body, in­clud­ing the face, in an ef­fort to keep the body warm. For fe­males be­tween fif­teen to twenty-four years old who suf­fer from anorexia nervosa, the mor­tal­ity rate as­so­ci­ated with the ill­ness is twelve times higher than

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