How is cystic fibrosis diagnosed?
Most cases of cystic fibrosis are now identified with newborn screening. In addition to a complete medical history and physical examination, diagnostic procedures for cystic fibrosis include a sweat test to measure the amount of sodium chloride (salt) present. Higher than normal amounts of sodium and chloride suggest cystic fibrosis. Other diagnostic procedures include: • Chemical tests • Chest X-rays • Lung function tests • Sputum cultures • Stool evaluations For babies, who do not produce enough sweat, blood tests may be used.
Treatment for cystic fibrosis
Specific treatment for cystic fibrosis will be determined by the physician based on: • Age, overall health, and medical history • Extent of the disease • Expectations for the course of the disease • Tolerance for specific medications,
procedures, or therapies • The patient opinion or preference