Turn the stretcher and rung
1 Dry-assemble the legs and seat, rotating two rung holes to face each other. Measure for the rung [Photo L] and cut it to length from a 11∕2×11∕2" blank. Drill a 3∕4" hole 3∕4" deep centered on one face.
2 Turn the rung round, then turn a tenon on each end [Drawing 3], checking the fit into the legs. Mark the centerline of the rung, and form an ogee to one end. Use a contour gauge to help you create an identical profile on the other end. 3 Dry-assemble the seat, legs, and rung, measure for the stretcher [Photo M], and cut it to length from a 11∕2×11∕2" blank. 4 Turn the stretcher round, shape a tenon on each end (note the differing lengths) [Drawing 4], then mark the centerline between the tenons. Lay out the profile dimensions shown, and turn the profile as you did for the legs: Form the Vs, shape the cove between them, roll the half bead into the V, then form the ogee to the tenon. Finish-sand the stretcher.
5 Glue up the stool by assembling the stretcher, rung, and legs. Immediately glue this assembly to the seat, making sure the legs are fully inserted into the mortises. With the stool resting on its seat, place a scrap of plywood on the ends of the legs and weight it. Then wrap the legs with a strap clamp. 6 After the glue dries, apply a finish. (We used three coats of General Finishes Arm-R-Seal.)
M As you did for the rung, use two dowels to measure for the length of the stretcher. Produced by Craig Ruegsegger with Brian Simmons Project design: Brian Simmons Illustrations: Lorna Johnson
L Secure two dowels with a rubber band and extend them to the bottom of the leg holes. Tape the dowels to lock them together, then remove a leg to remove your measuring stick.