TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

Woonsocket Call - - Amusements -

On Oct. 12, 1492 (ac­cord­ing to the Old Style cal­en­dar), Christo­pher Colum­bus' ex­pe­di­tion ar­rived in the present-day Ba­hamas.

On this date:

In 1792, the first recorded U.S. cel­e­bra­tion of Colum­bus Day was held to mark the tri­cen­ten­nial of Christo­pher Colum­bus' land­ing.

In 1810, the Ger­man fes­ti­val Ok­to­ber­fest was first held in Mu­nich to cel­e­brate the wed­ding of Bavar­ian Crown Prince Lud­wig and Princess Therese of Saxe-Hild­burghausen.

In 1915, English nurse Edith Cavell was ex­e­cuted by a Ger­man fir­ing squad for help­ing Al­lied sol­diers es­cape from oc­cu­pied Bel­gium dur­ing World War I. For­mer Pres­i­dent Theodore Roo­sevelt, speak­ing to the Knights of Colum­bus in New York, crit­i­cized na­tive­born Amer­i­cans who iden­ti­fied them­selves by dual na­tion­al­i­ties, say­ing that "a hy­phen­ated Amer­i­can is not an Amer­i­can at all."

In 1933, bank rob­ber John Dillinger es­caped from a jail in Allen County, Ohio, with the help of his gang, who killed the sher­iff, Jess Sar­ber.

In 1942, dur­ing World War II, Amer­i­can naval forces de­feated the Ja­panese in the Bat­tle of Cape Esper­ance. At­tor­ney Gen­eral Francis Bid­dle an­nounced dur­ing a Colum­bus Day cel­e­bra­tion at Carnegie Hall in New York that Ital­ian na­tion­als in the United States would no longer be con­sid­ered en­emy aliens.

In 1957, the Dr. Seuss Yule­tide tale "How the Grinch Stole Christ­mas!" was first pub­lished by Ran­dom House.

In 1964, the Soviet Union launched a Voskhod space cap­sule with a three-man crew on the first mis­sion in­volv­ing more than one crew mem­ber (the flight lasted just over 24 hours).

In 1973, Pres­i­dent Richard Nixon nom­i­nated House mi­nor­ity leader Ger­ald R. Ford of Michi­gan to suc­ceed Spiro T. Agnew as vice pres­i­dent.

In 1984, Bri­tish Prime Min­is­ter Mar­garet Thatcher es­caped an at­tempt on her life when an Ir­ish Repub­li­can Army bomb ex­ploded at a ho­tel in Brighton, Eng­land, killing five peo­ple.

In 1997, singer John Den­ver was killed in the crash of his pri­vately built air­craft in Mon­terey Bay, Cal­i­for­nia; he was 53.

In 2000, 17 sailors were killed in a sui­cide bomb at­tack on the de­stroyer USS Cole in Ye­men.

In 2002, bombs blamed on al-Qaida-linked mil­i­tants de­stroyed a night­club on the In­done­sian is­land of Bali, killing 202 peo­ple, in­clud­ing 88 Aus­tralians and seven Amer­i­cans.

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