Exhibition of Uzbek Skullcaps
The Laylak Qo’ndi Exhibition Hall of Culture and Art in Tashkent has opened the exhibition ‘Uzbek Skullcaps’ under the motto ‘My love and devotion to you, native Uzbekistan!’ The exhibition is dedicated to the 26th anniversary of independence of Uzbekistan. At the event, it was noted that the legacy associated with the headwear ‘do’ppi’ (skullcap), as an important part of the ancient traditions and customs of our people, is carefully preserved and highly valued in our country.
The Uzbek skullcaps are unique in their regional features. So, Tashkent, Samarqand, Bukhara, Kashkadarya, Surkhandarya and Khorezm skullcaps are decorated with patterns of flowers and petals, buds, circular ornaments, but differ from each other in shape, fabric and color, style of tailoring. For example, Shakhrisabz carpet skullcaps and Surkhandarya silk skullcaps are made of silk fiber. Popular in Tashkent, a kind of skullcap ‘shobpush’ is sewn from calico by hand or on a sewing machine. Ferghana skullcaps are considered to be one of the oldest. Chust, Marghilan, Kokand and Andijan skullcaps have been popular since ancient times. A skullcap with embroidery ‘iroqi do’ppi’ was mostly worn in Shakhrisabz. Later such skullcaps became popular in other places, they were decorated with patterns and embroideries characteristic for that area.
“The word do’ppi means the top, the surface,” says Mr. Fayzullayev, a researcher at the Exhibition Hall of Culture and Art of Uzbekistan. “In the past, the skullcap looked like a domed hat that was worn like a turban. Later it changed and acquired a pointed upward, conical, round and square shape, sewn with gold threads of cotton, silk, satin or velvet. The art of making do’ppi is like folk craft passes from generation to generation.”
The exhibition, along with Uzbek skullcaps presents the creative works by such masters of painting as Ibrohim Valikhujayev, Dilshod Nazarov, Dilshod Eshmatov, Shukhrat Abdumalikov, Alisher Umrzoqov.