The Law to Fortify Democracy
At a general session of the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis, the deputies have considered in the first reading a number of bills aimed at securing the interests of people.
Before the discussion began, representatives of factions of political parties expressed their attitude to the speech of the President of Uzbekistan at the 72nd session of the UN General Assembly. The speech of the head of state, as people's deputies noted, has a truly historic significance. The initiatives of Uzbekistan from the high rostrum on the most important areas of regional and international policy have found support among broad political circles.
Representatives of factions of political parties made suggestions and recommendations on the need to conduct information and educational activities among voters, the general public to explain the essence and significance of the President's speech, sound constructive proposals, opinions on the most pressing areas of public policy. The importance of legal support for the initiatives put forward by the head of state was stressed.
Then the parliamentarians began to consider the draft laws. In particular, the bills «On public control», on introducing amendments and additions to the Tax, Family, Criminal Procedural Codes and other legislative acts were discussed.
To build a democratic state and a just society, it is necessary to strengthen the mechanisms that make the power of the people in the country not nominal but real. One of them is a public control institution.
In accordance with the Strategy of Actions, the bill «On public control» was drafted by the deputies of the Legislative Chamber. It is designed to regulate relations related to the realization of the right by citizens that were guaranteed by the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan to participate in the management of the affairs of society and the state through the exercise of public control over the activities of state bodies. It describes the forms of public control, the mechanisms for their implementation, the rights and duties of its subjects.
At the session it was also considered a bill providing for amendments to the Code of Criminal Procedure and the Code of Administrative Liability. It is crucial in guaranteeing and protecting private property which is one of the main conditions of a market economy. To this day, according to Article 211 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, the instruments of the crime were to be confiscated and transferred to the relevant institutions or destroyed irrespective of to whom they belonged to.
According to the draft law, this amendment makes a change to the fact that the instruments of crime belonging to the suspect, accused, defendant, prisoner, are subject to confiscation or destroyed. In case they do not belong to the suspect, the accused, the defendant, the prisoner, then they returns to the owners.
Ten a bill was considered to eliminate in the current legislation gaps and ineffective mechanisms to ensure the payment of alimony. Recently, as it was noted at the meeting, the number of citizens' appeals to the virtual reception of the President of Uzbekistan on the issues of untimely payment of alimony and proposals for improving legislation in this sphere increased. The legal act introduces changes and additions to a number of codes. In addition, the Law «On the execution of judicial acts and acts of other bodies» is supplemented by a norm providing for the possibility of early payment of maintenance or the conclusion of a pledge agreement to secure an obligation to pay alimony to remove the travel restrictions. Thus, conditions are created for the realization of the rights to travel abroad of persons who are obliged to pay alimony, while not violating the interests of children.
Another bill considered at the meeting is aimed at preventing family divorce, including by strengthening the role of the mahalla in this matter. It was noted that now conciliation commissions operate at citizens' gatherings, the main purpose of which is to solve family problems peacefully, pre-trial consideration of family disputes. Taking into consideration of this, the Family Code is amended and supplemented to establish a rule for notification by courts and registrar offices of conciliation commissions about the existence in their proceedings of cases involving the dissolution of marriage. This, in turn, will allow conciliation commissions to take measures to prevent divorce.
In the course of the meeting conducted in the spirit of an interested discussion, the deputy associations expressed their positions on the considered bills which were adopted in the first reading.