The Law to For­tify Democ­racy

Uzbekistan Today (English) - - TODAY IN UZBEKISTAN -

At a gen­eral ses­sion of the Leg­isla­tive Cham­ber of the Oliy Ma­jlis, the deputies have con­sid­ered in the first read­ing a num­ber of bills aimed at se­cur­ing the in­ter­ests of peo­ple.

Be­fore the dis­cus­sion be­gan, rep­re­sen­ta­tives of fac­tions of po­lit­i­cal par­ties ex­pressed their at­ti­tude to the speech of the Pres­i­dent of Uzbek­istan at the 72nd ses­sion of the UN Gen­eral Assem­bly. The speech of the head of state, as peo­ple's deputies noted, has a truly his­toric sig­nif­i­cance. The ini­tia­tives of Uzbek­istan from the high rostrum on the most im­por­tant areas of re­gional and in­ter­na­tional pol­icy have found support among broad po­lit­i­cal cir­cles.

Rep­re­sen­ta­tives of fac­tions of po­lit­i­cal par­ties made sug­ges­tions and rec­om­men­da­tions on the need to con­duct in­for­ma­tion and ed­u­ca­tional ac­tiv­i­ties among vot­ers, the gen­eral pub­lic to ex­plain the essence and sig­nif­i­cance of the Pres­i­dent's speech, sound con­struc­tive pro­pos­als, opin­ions on the most press­ing areas of pub­lic pol­icy. The im­por­tance of le­gal support for the ini­tia­tives put for­ward by the head of state was stressed.

Then the par­lia­men­tar­i­ans be­gan to con­sider the draft laws. In par­tic­u­lar, the bills «On pub­lic con­trol», on in­tro­duc­ing amend­ments and ad­di­tions to the Tax, Fam­ily, Crim­i­nal Pro­ce­dural Codes and other leg­isla­tive acts were dis­cussed.

To build a demo­cratic state and a just so­ci­ety, it is nec­es­sary to strengthen the mech­a­nisms that make the power of the peo­ple in the coun­try not nom­i­nal but real. One of them is a pub­lic con­trol in­sti­tu­tion.

In ac­cor­dance with the Strat­egy of Ac­tions, the bill «On pub­lic con­trol» was drafted by the deputies of the Leg­isla­tive Cham­ber. It is de­signed to reg­u­late re­la­tions re­lated to the re­al­iza­tion of the right by cit­i­zens that were guar­an­teed by the Con­sti­tu­tion of the Repub­lic of Uzbek­istan to par­tic­i­pate in the man­age­ment of the af­fairs of so­ci­ety and the state through the ex­er­cise of pub­lic con­trol over the ac­tiv­i­ties of state bod­ies. It de­scribes the forms of pub­lic con­trol, the mech­a­nisms for their im­ple­men­ta­tion, the rights and du­ties of its sub­jects.

At the ses­sion it was also con­sid­ered a bill pro­vid­ing for amend­ments to the Code of Crim­i­nal Pro­ce­dure and the Code of Ad­min­is­tra­tive Li­a­bil­ity. It is cru­cial in guar­an­tee­ing and pro­tect­ing pri­vate prop­erty which is one of the main con­di­tions of a mar­ket econ­omy. To this day, ac­cord­ing to Ar­ti­cle 211 of the Code of Crim­i­nal Pro­ce­dure, the in­stru­ments of the crime were to be con­fis­cated and trans­ferred to the rel­e­vant in­sti­tu­tions or de­stroyed ir­re­spec­tive of to whom they be­longed to.

Ac­cord­ing to the draft law, this amend­ment makes a change to the fact that the in­stru­ments of crime be­long­ing to the sus­pect, ac­cused, de­fen­dant, pris­oner, are sub­ject to con­fis­ca­tion or de­stroyed. In case they do not be­long to the sus­pect, the ac­cused, the de­fen­dant, the pris­oner, then they re­turns to the own­ers.

Ten a bill was con­sid­ered to elim­i­nate in the cur­rent leg­is­la­tion gaps and in­ef­fec­tive mech­a­nisms to en­sure the pay­ment of al­imony. Re­cently, as it was noted at the meet­ing, the num­ber of cit­i­zens' ap­peals to the vir­tual re­cep­tion of the Pres­i­dent of Uzbek­istan on the is­sues of un­timely pay­ment of al­imony and pro­pos­als for im­prov­ing leg­is­la­tion in this sphere in­creased. The le­gal act in­tro­duces changes and ad­di­tions to a num­ber of codes. In ad­di­tion, the Law «On the ex­e­cu­tion of ju­di­cial acts and acts of other bod­ies» is sup­ple­mented by a norm pro­vid­ing for the pos­si­bil­ity of early pay­ment of main­te­nance or the con­clu­sion of a pledge agree­ment to se­cure an obli­ga­tion to pay al­imony to re­move the travel re­stric­tions. Thus, con­di­tions are cre­ated for the re­al­iza­tion of the rights to travel abroad of per­sons who are obliged to pay al­imony, while not vi­o­lat­ing the in­ter­ests of chil­dren.

An­other bill con­sid­ered at the meet­ing is aimed at pre­vent­ing fam­ily di­vorce, in­clud­ing by strength­en­ing the role of the ma­halla in this mat­ter. It was noted that now con­cil­i­a­tion com­mis­sions op­er­ate at cit­i­zens' gath­er­ings, the main pur­pose of which is to solve fam­ily prob­lems peace­fully, pre-trial con­sid­er­a­tion of fam­ily dis­putes. Tak­ing into con­sid­er­a­tion of this, the Fam­ily Code is amended and sup­ple­mented to es­tab­lish a rule for no­ti­fi­ca­tion by courts and reg­is­trar of­fices of con­cil­i­a­tion com­mis­sions about the ex­is­tence in their pro­ceed­ings of cases in­volv­ing the dis­so­lu­tion of mar­riage. This, in turn, will al­low con­cil­i­a­tion com­mis­sions to take mea­sures to pre­vent di­vorce.

In the course of the meet­ing con­ducted in the spirit of an in­ter­ested dis­cus­sion, the deputy as­so­ci­a­tions ex­pressed their po­si­tions on the con­sid­ered bills which were adopted in the first read­ing.

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